Samuel Musgrave – Revolutionary War Soldier and “Indian Spy” #5 in 52 Ancestors

Picture given to Norma Ennis Craig Musgrove by a relative stating the subject was Samuel Musgrave. Does anyone have proof of this?Samue

Samuel Musgrave (Musgrove) was a Revolutionary War soldier who fought under General Washington in the Battle of Brandywine. The battle between the Americans and the British army under General Howe took place on September 11, 1777 near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania. The British won the battle, eventually capturing Philadelphia on September 26 and occupying that city until June 1778.[1]

Based on the research of Pauline Mitchell Pierce Via and others, along with my research, I was accepted into the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) with Jacob Eoff as my ancestor. Follow these links to see earlier posts on the Eoffs and Palatine Germans.

Samuel Musgrove was just approved by the DAR as a supplemental patriot for me. Norma Ennis Craig Musgrove did the research linking her grandfather William Tate Musgrave (Musgrove) to Samuel. Norma was a DAR member herself.

You’ve probably noticed the two different spellings of Samuel’s and William Tate’s last name. William Tate used the spelling Musgrave in his early days, then Musgrove later in life. One family genealogist speculated the spelling was changed to differentiate the child from his first wife from the children by his second wife. Pure speculation, but the timing is about right. Samuel Musgrave’s Quaker parents and grandparents generally used Musgrave as did Samuel’s children. The DAR database is about the only place I’ve seen Samuel’s name spelling Musgrove.

Samuel was the fourth generation of his line in the United States.[2] He was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania in 1747 and died on 2 Sept 1833 in Warrick County, Indiana at 87 years of age.[3] He married Elizabeth Brand in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania on 10 Sept 1767.[4] She was born in Pennsylvania about 1750 and died about 1843 in Warrick County, Indiana.[5]

Samuel enlisted in July 1776 in Cannonkackick Settlement, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania and served three months.[6] In 1782, he served twelve more months as an “Indian Spy” under Lt. Robert Ritchie in Pennsylvania Troops.[7] Much of this information is in Samuel’s Proof Pension Claim W.9211.[8] On 30 Dec 1834, Elizabeth filed for a widow’s pension.[9]

Many of the Native Americans had treaties with the British, whom they supported during the war.[10]An Indian Spy patrolled the trails along the frontier warning the settlers of impending attacks.[11] Generally the spys or scouts were divided into pairs, with each pair assigned a section of the frontier were war paths were watched.[12] The spys were not an attack force, but warned the settlers so they could prepare for defense. [13] The men carried their supplies on their backs, slept on the ground and foraged for food living off deer and bear meat.[14] This was a very different life from Samuel’s Quaker relatives who stayed in settled areas, especially considering the pacifist Quaker beliefs. Follow these links to see previous blogs on Samuel Musgrave and Moses Musgrave.

DAR Logo
DAR Logo

If you are a woman over the age of 18 years and descended from either my McIntire/Eoff line or  Musgrave line, you are eligible for DAR membership. If you are interested, contact me for my DAR number and contact your local DAR chapter for more details.[15] Since the research has been done on those lines, you’ll need to collect fewer documents to prove your lineage. For the men, the same information can be used to apply for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution.

[1] Wikipedia, Battle of Brandywine, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014.)

[2] Musgrove, Duane and Marie Wilson, A History of the Moses Musgrave Family, Quakers, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Kansas and Further West (Indiana, Evansville Bindery, Inc, 1998), p 11.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ibid.

[10] Zeigler, Fred, Cook’s Old Mill, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014). Clinch Scouts, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014).

[11] Ibid.

[12] Ibid.

[13] Ibid

[14] Ibid.

[15] National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014).


Written for 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks challenge at No Story Too Small.

Copyright © 2014 Andrea Musgrove Perisho


Moses Musgrave (1770-1831) and his son Enos Musgrave (1812-1883)


  Moses Musgrave 1770-1831


Moses Musgrave was the second child and first son of Samuel and Elizabeth Musgrave’s twelve children. He was born in Pennsylvania, married in Nancy Hamilton of West Virginia and later resided in Ohio where all of his children were born, except for daughter Nancy. He was a surveyor. The family later moved to Indiana where Moses made his home until his death at the age of 61. He died in Lawrenceburg, Dearborn County, Indiana in 1831. Moses appeared to be a larger man than his father. His hair was dark, whether red or brunette, we can not say. He had a beard and neatly trimmed sideburns, deep set eyes and the typical Musgrave straight nose. Nancy, his wife was a small woman, with an abundance of hair, that could easily be worn on top of her head. She was a pretty lady and looked to be loving and generous. His estate was settled on November 11, 1833 with son-in-law Samuel B. Wood as administrator. After all debts were paid, Enos, John and Elizabeth (Betsey) Musgrave received $2.10 each.  


Enos Musgrove 1812-1883
Enos Musgrove 1812-1883

Moses’ son Enos was more adventurous than his father. He ran a flatboat up and down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. He bought merchandise in Philadelphia and other large cities, then took it down the rivers to Louisiana to sell. According to his grandson, William Walker Musgrove, on one such trip Enos stopped at a place where slaves were being sold. A black man looked down at Enos and said “Massa, won’t you buy me?” Enos obliged, but as he couldn’t take him back to Indiana, he let a plantation owner have him. It is believed that the black man later did serve Enos.

 On September 15, 1833, Enos married Amanda Leming (Lemon). She was twenty years old, born on October 23, 1813 in New Jersey. They had four children, all born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana – William Tate, born in 1836; Helen M, born in 1838; Thomas J., born in 1840 and Henry born in 1844.

Between 1850-1860, they moved to Spencer County, Indiana, where they farmed and owned land about two miles south of Dale, Indiana. (In 1960, great granddaughters Norma Musgrove Craig and Emma Musgrove Medcalf visited this place. At that time, the old family barn was still standing.)

Enos, Amanda and their family belonged to the United Cumberland Presbyterian Church, which had been organized in May 8, 1841 by A.R. Downey. Before it was officially organized, it met in the home of Allen Medcalf. Early records show that twenty-four Musgraves were members of the church. Before the church was built, the people met in the home of Allen Metcalf.

In later years, a granddaughter of Enos went back to Indiana to see the old home place. It had been torn down and a modest home was in its place. A very kind black couple were living there, also an elderly grandmother who was so happy to be visited by her long ago “peoples” daughter. We believe she was the widow of the black slave Enos kept from the cruel men at the slave block.

Pictures show Enos had a full head of hair, even in his old age. He had a small beard, but full side-burns. The Musgrave straight nose and the same piercing eyes are clear in the pictures. He was a full-figured man and not too tall. Amanda was fairly tall for a lady and carried her extra weight gracefully. Her hair was worn, parted in the center with a bun on her neck. She looked to be a no-nonsense great-grandmother.

One of Enos’s sons was William Tate Musgrave/Musgrove. See the Civil War section for more information on William Tate.


“The American Family Musgrove,” by Richard Graham Musgrove.

The genealogical research of Norma Ennis Musgrove Craig and her sister, Beulah Musgrove Berryman were extensively quoted.