Native American Connections

Family stories indicate some branches of our family tree included ancestors from the Five Civilized Tribes. There is much interest in proving Indian or Native American ancestry.  However, there are very specific criteria for proving Indian ancestry.

The Dawes Commission Roll Book, the Final Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes, used for Certification of Degree of Indian Blood was compiled mainly during the years 1899-1906. Anyone who died before 1899 does not have a roll number. To be enrolled there were certain requirements to be met. Application had to be made during the enrollment period, showing membership in the tribe and actual residence within the area occupied by the tribe.

If the ancestor lived outside Indian Territory, they did not qualify to apply on the Dawes commission. Our Charles Wilson Buckmaster and his family were living in Indian Territory then, but I have not found any of his family names on the Dawes Roll, nor any evidence they were considered Indian. I have found no other records of other ancestors who were living in Indian Territory during the enrollment period.

Some people may never be able to prove Indian heritage. Indian law usually dictated that “when any citizen shall remove with his effects out of the limits of the Nation and become a citizen of any other government, all his rights and privileges as a citizen of the Nation shall cease,” provided nevertheless that the National Council shall have power to re-admit any such person who may at any time want to return to the Nation, but no one is entitled as an inherent right to re-admission to citizenship. If an applicant proves that at one time he was a recognized citizen of the Nation and has forfeited that citizenship, there is no law by which he can demand admission. As a matter of course, the same laws and usages governed the Dawes Commission in their consideration of claims to citizenship.

Possible Cherokee Connection

Through the Holder line, family tradition states Peter Adams Tyler met his wife-to-be, Eveline Minerva Price, at a trading post on the Mississippi River. Minerva was reportedly 1/2 or more Cherokee. Practicality would suggest that he met Minerva at a store or post in Northwest Arkansas. Eveline, born in North Carolina, followed the Cherokee routes to Arkansas, and Price is a prominent name among the Cherokee Nation. As yet, proof of her Cherokee heritage has not been found. Peter and Eveline married on July 4, 1845. They had nine children, including James Buchanan Tyler, Carl Lee Holder’s grandfather.

Possible Choctaw Connection

Through another branch of Eva Buckmaster Musgrove’s line, through a Google search, I found over twenty  pages of records where, starting on February 1, 1898, Tryphena Elizabeth McGinnis Pearcy filed a lawsuit against the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, declaring herself and her children as Choctaw Indians. Appeals went back and forth in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Citizenship Court in Ardmore, Indian Territory and in Tishomingo, the seat of the Southern District of the Indian Territory, until 1904, when the court ruled that the plaintiffs, Tryphena Elizabeth Pearcy and her children “were not entitled to be deemed or declared citizens of the Choctaw Nation, or to enrollment as such, or to any rights whatever flowing  therefrom.”

Copyright 2013 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho

Charles Wilson Buckmaster – Iowa Infantry, Union Army, private.

Charles Wilson Buckmaster was born on September 12 1843 in Coshocton, Coshocton County, Ohio. Wilson was a family name passed down from his great, great, great grandmother Mary Wilson Buckmaster, who was born in Kent County, Delaware in 1680. 

He enlisted as a private in Company E and A, 14th Regiment of the Iowa Infantry on August 30, 1862, serving in the 42nd and the 43rd Infantry.  From the regimental records, it looks like he saw a lot of action and may have been a POW. I’ve requested his military and pension records.

Service Details: The 14th Regiment, Iowa Infantry was organized at Davenport in November and mustered in November 6, 1861. Ordered to St. Louis, Mo., December, 1861. Attached  to District of Corinth, Dept. of Tennessee, to December, 1862. Davenport, Iowa, and St. Louis, Mo., to April, 1863. Cairo, Ill., District of Columbus, 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Springfield, Ill., to August, 1865.

From Regiment records, Charles may have fought in the following battles: Fort Donelson February 12-16, 1862, where Walker Everett Todd, another ancestor fighting for the south, was captured; Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7; held center at “Hornet’s Nest” and Regiment mostly captured, paroled October 12, 1862, exchanged November 19, 1862;  Those not captured assigned to Union Brigade and participated in the advance on and seize of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 13. Duty at Corinth till August, and at Danville, Miss., till October. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. At Corinth until December 18. Ordered to rejoin Regiment at Davenport, Iowa, December 18. While en route participated in the defense of Jackson, Tenn., December 20, 1862, to January 4, 1863. Arrived at Davenport January 7. Reorganizing Regiment at Davenport, Iowa, and at St. Louis, Mo., till April. Moved to Cairo, Ill., April 10, and duty there till January, 1864. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss. Meridian Campaign February 3 to March 5. Meridian February 14-15. Marion February 15-17. Canton February 28. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Fort DeRussy March 14. Occupation of Alexandria March 16. Henderson’s Hill March 21. Battle of Pleasant Hill April 9. Cloutiersville and Cane River Crossing April 22-24. At Alexandria April 27-May 13. Moore’s Plantation May 5-7. Bayou Boeuf May 7. Bayou LaMourie May 12. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 18-19. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to Memphis, Tenn., May 20-June 10. Lake Chicot, Ark., June 6-7. Smith’s Expedition to Tupelo July 5-21. Pontotoc July 11. Camargo’s Cross Roads, near Harrisburg, July 13. Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town Creek July 15. Smith’s Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Abbeville and Oxford August 12. Abbeville August 23. Mower’s Expedition up White River to Duvall’s Bluff September 1-7. March through Arkansas and Missouri in pursuit of Price September 17-October 25. (4 Cos. sent to Pilot Knob, Mo., and participated in actions at Ironton, Shut in Gap and Arcadia September 26. Fort Davidson, Pilot Knob, September 26-27. Leesburg or Harrison September 28-29.) Regiment assembled at St. Louis, Mo., November 2 and mustered out November 16, 1864. Veterans and recruits consolidated to two Companies and assigned to duty at Springfield, Ill., till August 8, 1865, when Charles was mustered out.

 His regiment lost five officers and fifty-nine enlisted men killed and mortally wounded during service and one officer and one hundred thirty eight enlisted men by disease. Total 203.

 Charles mustered out as a private of Company E on June 6, 1865 at Davenport, Iowa. Shortly after mustering out, on September 10, 1865, Charles Wilson married Mahala Hopkins.

 By 1880, the family had moved to Stafford, Kansas. It appears the family moved to Indian Territory sometime before April 7, 1885, when Andrew Jackson Buckmaster, Eva’s father, was born in Indian Territory, Oklahoma. 

 Charles died on March 18, 1919, (age 75 years) in Holdenville, Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. He had been in Holdenville and was planning to go home to Hilltop on a local freight train. He climbed aboard the caboose which was detached from the train and fell off. He was dead when found. The doctor ruled the cause of death as a heart attack. Charles Wilson was Eva Buckmaster Musgrove’s grandfather.

 Sources

  • U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, on-line Provo, Utah.
  • Index to Compiled Military Service Records, film M541, roll 4.
  • Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of Rebellion.
  • Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.