Last summer, Aunt Mary Mae brought her collection of family pictures to the Musgrove reunion on Lake Texoma. She and I spent three days going through the collection, which included several unlabeled photographs from the early 1900s. As the oldest daughter of William (Bill) and Eva (Buckmaster) Musgrove, Mary Mae inherited their pictures, including some from Bill’s parents and aunt Odessa (Pennington) Smith.
Pictures were scanned on my Flip-pal scanner, photographed and some originals Mary Mae gave to me to preserve for the next generations. All those photographs are now scanned into my computer and labeled. I’ve just finished making a CD with just over 200 pictures, many from Mary Mae’s collection, but a few others collected from other sources. All pictures are used with the permission of the owners.
While I won’t be able to attend the reunion this year, tomorrow twenty copies of that CD will go into the mail. I’ve already found two mistakes – a name misspelled and a DAR obit inadvertently included. My email address is on each CD to contact me with other errors.
Here’s some pictures from the CD. Could the tall young man in the picture below be William (Bill) Musgrove Jr.-Nora’s brother and Eva’s future husband? And perhaps the boy in the front could be Kenneth Eugene Smith, Nora and Bill’s younger cousin and Dessa’s son? The ages fit. If anyone has these same photographs labeled or photographs of these people at about the same age, please contact me. If this is Eva, it’s the earliest photograph I’ve seen.
The photo postcard below was in both the Mary Mae (Musgrove) Dollar collection and the Norma Ennis (Musgrove) Craig collection.
William Walker Musgrove is on the left in the picture below, but the man on the right was unknown, until I looked through the Norma Ennis (Musgrove) Craig’s book. Benjamin Harrison Musgrove, William Walker’s younger brother, is the man on the right.
Several of the other photographs are still unidentified, but not forgotten. I’ll continue to post the rest of them on the blog and research other ways to identify the photographs.
Today’s article features two photographs from the collection of my paternal grandparents, William Musgrove Jr. and Eva Buckmaster Musgrove, now in my collection. There is no writing on the back of these photographs to suggest names for the featured people. The name of the photography studio, W. H. Allen, yields no clues from a computer search.
However, the location of Bancroft, Mo. does give us some clues. Bancroft is in Daviess County, Missouri, where my 2nd great grandparents James T. Pennington and his wife Elnorah Melvina Francis were born in 1857 and 1859, respectively. Their young family was in Daviess County for the 1880 census, but had moved to nearby Harrison County, Missouri by the 1900 census. The 1890 U.S. census was destroyed in a fire, a constant point of grief for genealogists.
While the Pennington and Francis families did scatter into other areas of Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas and California, some were still in Daviess County in 1900. Daviess County is north and a little east of Kansas City, Missouri on the way to Des Moines, Iowa. Harrison County is on the border of Missouri and Iowa with Daviess County just south of Harrison County.
This style of photograph is called a cabinet card.
“One style of photograph that can often be found in many old family photo collections is the cabinet card. First introduced in 1863 by Windsor & Bridge in London, the cabinet card is a photographic print mounted on card stock. The Cabinet card got its name from its suitability for display in parlors — especially in cabinets — and was a popular medium for family portraits.”[i]
The cream colored cards measure 4 1/4” by 6 ¼” with rounded corners and a thin gold border imprinted around the edge of the photograph. The name of the photography studio, W. H. Allen, and Bancroft, Mo. are written in script with same gold ink. The back of the cards has three chubby cupids flying around a heart pierced by two arrows. Ms. Powell, on her website, indicates cabinet cards with rounded corners and a thin gold border were popular from 1889-1896. Though, if a photographer had those cards in inventory, they could be used later.
As I look at the photograph of the two young girls, I see my own pug nose on the girl on the right, the one with the high-necked dress. I wonder if this could be my great-grandmother Mary Elizabeth Pennington Musgrove. In 1896, she would have been 17 years old and her younger sister, Alice Cynthia, would have 15. We have other pictures of these women when they are older, but it’s hard to tell. Those of you that have those pictures, or knew the women, what do you think – could these be Mary Elizabeth and Alice Cynthia Pennington?
The picture of the two young couples is more difficult, though it does seem like the young women on the left in both pictures share at least a family resemblance, with the woman in the couples picture looking a little older. What do you think?
If you have any clues to the identity of these people, please let me know.
Eva Evelyna Buckmaster was born less than a year after statehood, the first child of Andrew Jackson Buckmaster and Dovey Alpine Piearcy Buckmaster, probably near Wynnewood, Garvin County, Oklahoma. The new state was not yet collecting birth records and only later family records have been found recording her birth on May 14, 1908. Her middle name has been spelled Evelina, Evelyna and even the rather endearing Everleaner, but most records use Evelyna.
By 1910, the Andrew J. Buckmaster family was renting just outside of Sasakwa, in Seminole County, next door to Andrew’s mother, Mahala Hopkins Buckmaster. Living with Mahala was her youngest son, Richard Lafayette, called Babe.Both families were farming on their rented land. The late Charles Wilson Buckmaster, the father of Andrew Jackson and Richard Lafayette, was a Civil War veteran who served with the Union Army, not a fact discussed since most Oklahoma residents supported the Southern effort.
We don’t know much about those early years for Eva, but by 1917, Andrew Jackson Buckmaster family was living in Calvin, Hughes County, where he registered for the World War I draft. The family hasn’t been found in the 1920 census records, but by this time Eva had two brothers and one sister: Goldie born in 1910, Seth Andrew born in 1911 and Vernon Alton born in 1916. Two more little girls were added to the family with Violet Alpine born in 1921 and Sylvia in 1924. There are some gaps in the births of the children, but no record of any other births or pregnancies.
Sometime in 1928, Dovey died, perhaps from scarlet fever or perhaps from double pneumonia, near Holdenville in Hughes County. No records of her death have been found, neither at the state or county level. From family stories, a wooden marker was near her gravesite. Eva and some of her daughters went back to Hughes County many years later but were not able to locate the cemetery.
Andrew Jackson Buckmaster did not remarry after Dovey’s death, but moved his family in with his eighty-five year old mother who owned her land by now. Andrew Jackson farmed the land, with Seth helping and also doing odd jobs. Eva’s younger sister, Goldie married Malone Wilson in July 1929. Then, on November 2, 1929, Eva married William Musgrove in Oklahoma City with Malone Willson and Golda Willson as their witnesses. When they married, Eva was twenty-one years old and Bill was twenty. As far as an education, both had completed the seventh grade.
William Musgrove’s parents were William Walker Musgrove and Mary Elizabeth Pennington Musgrove. While no birth records have been found for William Musgrove, he was probably born in Labette County, Kansas. In the days before data bases and with limited education, name spellings and variations of names were not so critical. In the first records of William Musgrove, he was listed as William Jr., then later Bill Jr.,  In family pictures, he was listed as Bill June or June. However, as an adult he was always called Bill. Most likely, his given name was William Walker Musgrove, Jr (after his father) and he called June (a variation of Junior) until he had children of his own, when his nickname changed to Bill. Some nicknames stuck for life; for example, Richard Lafayette Buckmaster had his nickname of Babe on his gravestone. That nickname is the only name my family ever knew for their Uncle Babe.
After Eva and Bill married, they lived for at least a while with Bill’s family in Council Grove, Oklahoma. For the 1930 census, Bill is listed as W. M. Musgrove, a farmer, renting land as the head of household. In the same family is listed Eva, wife, along with W. W., father, with his trade listed as restaurant, Mary, mother, and younger siblings – Nora M., James H. and Gracie. (See an earlier posting for more information on Gracie.) The family supported themselves with a booth at a market – selling produce they had raised, along with squabs, young domesticated pigeons, meat they had butchered and ice they had cut from the river. Times were tough in Oklahoma during the depression. In about 1934, the family sold out and bought land in Marshall County, near the Red River in southern Oklahoma. Two homes were built – one for the William Walker Sr. family and one for Bill and Eva’s growing family, with a water well dug near William Walker’s house.
The family made the one hundred thirty mile move with a couple of trips in a Model T Ford pickup truck. After the move, the pickup truck was parked and rusted away. Gasoline was just too expensive during those hard times. Their milk cow could not make the trip and was sold to the government for $10. The federal agents shot her in the head and just left her there; no one was allowed to keep the meat. Part of some government program that made no sense to anyone.
By 1935, Eva had borne four children – twins at the first pregnancy, with the baby girl born dead and buried in a gallon fruit jar in the back yard. So three children, the first born son and two younger daughters girls made the move on the Model T Ford, along with the rest of the family.
Eva was probably happy to have her own home. Living with her mother-in-law may not have been that pleasant with Mary Pennington Musgrove feeling that her son had married down. We don’t know why Mary Pennington Musgrove felt that way, perhaps because of Eva’s rumored Indian blood. Eva never said much about her Indian heritage, just saying the family was Black Dutch. Eva’s children remember their daddy being invited up to dinner with their grandparents, but Eva and the children were never invited. We do know both women shared the same religious convictions – both very devoted to the Holiness Church with Eva contributing money to Oral Roberts and Oral Roberts University much of her life.
With the construction of Lake Texoma, the family had to sell their land to the Corp of Engineers. After a big search in Texas and Oklahoma, which involved a car wreck and insurance money used to buy a Jersey milk cow, land was found in nearby Bryan County. The rich milk from that Jersey cow may have saved the life of one of Eva and Bill’s young daughter’s during an extended illness.
The two Musgrove families moved to farms several miles apart, but before the move, Bill was injured while working on construction of the Lake Texoma dam. He was on crutches quite a while and had on-going health problems including possible tuberculosis.
Grandma Musgrove had a total of twelve children with ten still living today. She always had a big garden, canning and later freezing enough food to last her family until the next harvest. She was one who took care of the milk cow and barn as well, even after she came down with sugar diabetes sometime after her last child was born when she was forty-six years old. She was a hard worker, a religious woman and a kind woman. Her children were the focus of her life; she worked hard to take care of them. Eva appreciated a good laugh and was very proud of and much loved by her extended family. Even up into her eighties, Eva still had long dark hair that she worn in a braid and wrapped around her head, still retaining the olive skin and cheekbones of her mother Dovey Alpine Piearcy Buckmaster.
Thirteen months after Bill died, Eva died on August 18, 1992 at the hospital in Denison, Grayson County, Texas. The immediate cause of death was respiratory failure due to pulmonary edema. At the time of her death, Eva left behind thirty-six grandchildren and twenty-eight great-grandchildren. Her oldest grandsons were her pall bearers and there wasn’t a dry eye in the church for this family matriarch. Eva Evelyna Buckmaster Musgrove is buried at Albany Cemetery, Albany, Bryan County, Oklahoma.
 1910 U.S. census, Seminole County, Oklahoma, population schedule, Miller Township, enumeration district (ED) 189, p. 80XX (handwritten and cut off, page before is 8015 and page after is 8089), sheet 9A (handwritten, scratched out, rewritten), dwelling 52, family 52, Andrew J. Buckmaster; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 January 2014); citing NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1274.
 1910 U.S. census, Seminole County, Oklahoma, pop. sch., p. 80XX, dwell. 51, fam. 51, Mahala Buckmaster. Find A Grave, database and images (http://findagrave.com : accessed 29 Jan 2014), memorial page for Richard Lafayette “Babe” Buckmaster (1887-1960), Find A Grave Memorial # 93287917, citing Rosedale Cemetery, Ada, Pontotoc County, Oklahoma.
 1910 U.S. census, Seminole County, Oklahoma, pop. sch., p. 80XX, dwell. 52, fam. 52, Andrew J. Buckmaster and 1910 U.S. census, Seminole County, Oklahoma, pop. sch., p. 80XX, dwell. 51, fam. 51, Mahala Buckmaster.
 Compiled service record, Charles Buckmaster, Pvt., Co. A, 14 Iowa Inf.; Carded Records, Volunteer Organizations, Civil War; Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780s-1917, Record Group 94; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
United States World War 1 Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014), card for Andrew Jackson Buckmaster, serial no. 35-2-8-C (stamped at top of back of card), Local Draft Board, Holdenville, Hughes County, Oklahoma; citing NARA microfilm publication M1509.
 “Public Member Trees,” database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014), “Piearcy, Powell, Buckmaster, Thomas, Beaman/Bauermeister and Cook/Davis Family ” entries for Andrew Jackson Buckmaster (1887-1960); submitted by [private user names].
 Ibid. Family stories passed down from Eva Buckmaster Musgrove.
 Request to Oklahoma Department of Health for death certificate returned 2 Jan 2013. Visit to the Holdenville Historical Society, Hughes County, Oklahoma indicated no county death certificates would have been collected at that time.
 Mary Mae Musgrove Dollar [address for private use], recorded interview by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, 11 July 2013; audiotapes privately held by Perisho, [address for private use,] Florida, 2014.
 1930 U.S. census, Seminole County, Oklahoma, population schedule, Sasakwa Town, enumeration district (ED) 67-25, p. 8601 (handwritten), sheet 2B (number handwritten, letter stamped), dwelling 40, family 42, Mahaley Buckmaster; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1931.
 1930 U.S. census, Seminole County, Oklahoma, pop. sch., p. 8601, dwelling 40, family 42, Mahaley Buckmaster.
 Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, Marriage Index, 1889-1951, index, Oklahoma Historical Society (http://www.okhistory.org/research/marriagerec :accessed 29 Jan 2014), entry for Wilson Malone-Golda Buckmaster, 16 July 1929; citing Oklahoma County Marriage records 1889-1951, Book 65, p391.
 Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, marriage certificate with no certificate number (2 Nov 1929), Musgrove-Buckmaster; Musgrove Family Papers, privately held by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, [address for private use,] 2012.
 Calculation based on their birth dates and date of marriage.
 1940 U.S. census, Marshall County, Oklahoma, population schedule, Lebanon, Holford Township, enumeration district (ED) 48-3, no page number, sheet 11B (number handwritten and letter stamped), household 192, William Musgrove ; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014); citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 3311.
 Texas death certificate no. 076806 (1991), William Junior Musgrove.
 1910 U.S. census, Labette County, Kansas, population schedule, Oswego Township, enumeration district (ED) 143, p. 6322 (handwritten), sheet 8B (number handwritten and letter stamped), dwelling 104, family 105, William Musgrove ; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014); citing NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 443.
 1910 U.S. census, Labette County, Kansas, pop. sch., p. 6322, dwelling 104, family 105, William Musgrove.
 1920 U.S. census, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, population schedule, Pottawatomie Township, enumeration district (ED) 166, no page number, sheet 7B (number handwritten and letter stamped), visited no. 148, William W. Musgrove ; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014); citing NARA microfilm publication T625, roll 1473.
Find A Grave, memorial page for Richard Lafayette “Babe” Buckmaster (1887-1960), Find A Grave Memorial # 93287917.
 William Andrew Musgrove [address for private use], recorded interview by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, 12 July 2013; audiotapes and transcripts privately held by Perisho, [address for private use,] Florida, 2014.
 1930 U.S. census, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, population schedule, Council Grove, enumeration district (ED) 55a, p. 5646 (handwritten), sheet 15B (number handwritten and letter stamped), dwelling 331, family 334, W. M. Musgrove ; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 January 2014); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1917.
 William Andrew Musgrove [address for private use], recorded interview by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, 28 Nov 2002; audiotapes and transcripts privately held by Perisho, [address for private use,] Florida, 2010.
 1940 U.S. census, Marshall County, Oklahoma, pop. sch., sheet 11B, household 192, William Musgrove.
 William Andrew Musgrove, interview by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, 28 Nov 2002.
 “Eva Musgrove,” undated obituary, probably from the Durant Daily Democrat, Durant, Oklahoma; Musgrove Family Papers, privately held by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, [address for private use,] 1992. Laminated and distributed to family members after the funeral.
Amy Johnson Crow suggested a weekly blog theme of “52 Ancestors” in her blog post Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks on the No Story Too Small blog. To help focus my writing, I’ve accepted her challenge with a little catching up to do, but starting with a paternal great-aunt. Here’s Gracie’s story collected from family interviews.
It was breakfast time and Jim was building a fire in the cook stove.[i] Jim was 19, living with his parents and his pretty sister Gracie, two years younger than him. The older children, Bill Jr. and Nora, were already married and gone, though Bill and his growing family lived just down the hill. Gracie was in the kitchen with Jim in the small wooden house behind the main farm-house.
Jim was using green wood and he went to pour some white gas in the cook stove to set the fire. The fire blew up and caught his hand on fire. He hollered and threw the flaming container out the door, just as Gracie was trying to go out the door to get away from the flames. The white gas splashed all over Gracie. She caught on fire and ran outside. Jim grabbed his leather coat hanging by the door, chased Gracie down, got her on the ground and put the fire out.
Their mother, Mary Pennington Musgrove, was a Pentecost and didn’t believe in doctors, so they put Grace Odessa to bed, prayed over her and tried to make her comfortable. Someone told them to keep Gracie warm, so they kept her in the kitchen with a fire in the cook stove. She was in terrible pain, only somewhat comfortable when sitting in her beloved father’s lap, her skin coming off on his overalls.
Aunt Dessi, Mary Pennington Musgrove’s sister, heard about the accident. No one knows exactly how she heard. There were no telephones in Powell, Oklahoma in 1940. Perhaps a letter was written. Never the less, as soon as she learned of the accident, she, her husband Jesse and young Jerry, their nephew and cousin to Gracie and Jim, packed up in the Buick and drove the 120 miles south from McLoud. They arrived about a week after the accident; the smell of decaying flesh in the 90 degree kitchen was overwhelming. Aunt Dessi, with Gracie carrying her middle name, insisted Gracie be taken to the hospital. An ambulance was called, over the protests of Gracie’s mother, Mary Pennington Musgrove, who threw such a fit she was placed in a straight jacket by the ambulance attendants.
Gracie died a few days later in a Oklahoma City hospital. Funeral services were held on a Sunday afternoon at the Holiness Church in McLoud, Oklahoma.[ii]
Gracie’s boyfriend from when she lived in McLoud, Johnnie Henderson, helped to dig her grave. Johnnie later worked at Tinker Air Force Base, married and still has family in the area.
Aunt Dessie and, her husband, Jesse Smith had just one son, Kenneth Eugene Smith, born in 1917, and purchased three burial plots in Dale, Oklahoma, near their home. Kenneth had told them he wouldn’t use his plot. So Grace Odessa Musgrove was the first to be buried in those three plots. Her grave can be found next to her Aunt Dessi and Uncle Jesse’s at Dale Cemetery, Dale, Oklahoma.
Gracie’s death was hard on the family, especially Jim, as his mother constantly reminded him that he had killed his sister. A few years later, he joined the navy. Then, he went to school on the GI bill. He met a woman in college. They married and her two young sons took his name. They later divorced. Jim became a shop teacher, first in Bokchito, then for many years in the Sasakwa High School. When my great-uncle Jim died there was no one to bury him, so my dad had his body transported to our small town and buried Uncle Jim in the local cemetery, in one of my dad’s own suits.
Author’s notes: All locations are in Oklahoma. Information for this article was collected from family interviews. Due to current Oklahoma laws, a death certificate is not available. All pictures are in the possession of Andrea Musgrove Perisho, from the collection of [NAME FOR PRIVATE USE] passed down from William Walker (Bill) Musgrove Jr. and Eva Evalina Buckmaster Musgrove.
[i] [NAMES FOR PRIVATE USE], a nephew, a niece and a cousin of Grace Musgrove, Bryan County, Oklahoma, interviews by Andrea Musgrove Perisho, July 2013; interview notes privately held by interviewer, [private address], 2013.
[ii] “Lamp Burns Take the Life of Powell Girl – Death Claims Grace Musgrove at Oklahoma City Hospital,” Madill Record, March 1940.
The Dawes Commission Roll Book, the Final Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes, was used for Certification of Degree of Indian Blood. These rolls were compiled from 1899-1906. To be enrolled, certain requirements must be met, which varied by tribe. Application had to be made during the enrollment period, showing membership in the tribe and actual residence within the area occupied by the tribe. So, anyone who died before 1899 would not have a roll number.
If anyone lived outside Indian Territory, they would not qualify to apply on the Dawes Commission. According to her application for the Dawes Rolls, Triphena (also spelled Tryphena) Elizabeth McGinnis Piearcy, her children and grandchildren moved from Texas to Indian Territory in 1894.
Many of these records are online. Through a Google search, I found over twenty pages of records where, starting on February 1, 1898, Triphena Elizabeth McGinnis Piearcy filed a petition against the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, declaring herself and her children as Choctaw Indians. Appeals went back and forth in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Citizenship Court in Ardmore, Indian Territory and in Tishomingo, the seat of the Southern District of the Indian Territory, until 1904, when the court ruled that the plaintiffs, Triphena Elizabeth Pearcy and her children “were not entitled to be deemed or declared citizens of the Choctaw Nation, or to enrollment as such, or to any rights whatever flowing therefrom.” No reason was given for this decision. Follow this link to see the records. digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/nam/manuscripts/cornish_melven_002_010.pdf
In the lawsuit, Dovey Alpine Piearcy (Eva Buckmaster Musgrove’s mother) is not listed as applicant for Choctaw citizenship, even though both her parents are listed as well as her younger siblings. Wonder why? I certainly did and have started looking more into Dovey’s records. But that’s for a later post after more research.
The Piearcy name was spelled many different ways from (Perce to Person), but this family line seemed to settle on this spelling (mostly) after the Civil War.