DNA – Maternal Lineage Test Results

A few years ago, I had my maternal line DNA testing done through GeneTree. Then I joined Ancestry.com and entered by mtDNA results in their data base. From both data bases, I got dozens of matches from all over the world – mostly from Australia, New Zealand, England, Ireland, Scotland and the United States, basically where people had immigrated from the British Isle. I contacted some of the matches in the United States and was not able to identify any close relatives from those matches.

Maternal DNA is passed from the mother to her off-spring, both male and female. Maternal DNA does not mutate very often, so mtDNA results will be consistent along the maternal line. With a perfect mtDNA match and no more information, we can’t decide if we are first cousins or if we share a common ancestor from 5000 years ago.

The test is basically used to rule out possible relations through the maternal line. So my brother and sisters will all have all the same mtDNA, as will all Edith Holder’s children, as will all Zula McIntire’s children, as will all Almeda Todd’s children, as will all Margaret Elliott’s children and on back, back and back. If I find a person that looks like a paper match in my direct maternal line but with different mtDNA results, we are definitely not related.

U Haplogroup Migration Map

Where it all started. . .

Around 100,000 years ago, a single group of humans began dividing and migrating to form genetically isolated populations throughout the world. Over generations, the new populations’ genes became slightly different from the original group and from each other. The differences appear in the mtDNA sequence and allow scientists to create different haplogroups.

My Results – Haplogroup U5a

I belong to the Travelers, haplogroup U, which emerged around 60,000 years ago, not long after the first modern humans left Africa. Because the Travelers are so old, they’ve had a broad geographic distributions from Europe, North Africa, India and Central Asia as descendants migrated to new areas and formed subgroups. Frequencies of haplogroup U range from 10-30% in these populations.

Nine main subgroups of haplogroup U have been identified. U5 is thought to have lived in southwest Asia. There was a change in climate conditions about 43,000 years ago as the glaciers receded. U5 took part in the first settlement of Europe by modern humans.

Famous U5a Members

In 1903, the skeletal remains of a 9,000 year-old male were found in a cave in Cheddar, England. The “Cheddar Man” was about 23 years old when he died, killed by a blow to the face. Recently scientists were able to extract and analyze his DNA material. They identified the “Cheddar Man” as a U5a. In surveying local people, a match was found with a nearby schoolteacher, Adrian Targett.

Sources:

  • Genetree mtDNA results report.
  • Ancestry.com results report.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

James Monroe Elliott – Arkansas Calvary, Confederate, quartermaster.

Confederate Flag
James Monroe Elliott, as a young man

James Monroe Elliott was born on June 22, 1816 in Warren, Tennessee. His father was Stephen Elliott and his mother was Elizabeth; her last name is not known. In 1843, Monroe married Margaret Eoff in Tennessee, where they had three children. After the move to Sylamore, Izard County, Arkansas, Monroe and Margaret had 12 more children. Their last child, Almeda Ellen Elliott was born in 1867. She was Edith McIntire Holder’s grandmother.

 

According to family sources, James Monroe Elliott Sr. did not speak to his daughter Mary Jane (Elliott) McIntire for about 15 years because she married what he considered to be an unsuitable young man, John A. McIntire. The couple went on to have twelve children, including Thomas Hendrix, Edith McIntire Holder’s father. Edith’s father and mother were cousins.

James Monroe Elliott and Margaret Eoff, husband and wife

Monroe Elliott was 45 years old and had a wife and lots of children when he was more or less forced to volunteer in the Civil War.  At the time Monroe “volunteered,” his oldest sons were William and James, twins who were 13 years old, with three older daughters. Lucy, the oldest, was 20 years old; her husband died in the Civil War.

 Arkansas Peace Society of 1861

 There were many responsible family men around his age in the northern counties of Arkansas who simply did not want a war.  They just wanted to be left alone to raise their families and survive the best they could.  They formed the Arkansas Peace Society of 1861.  This was a secret organization who organized as a home guard to defend their families and their property if they were attacked.  The state of Arkansas was being run by a Confederate government and they accused its estimated 1700 members of treason.  Monroe volunteered to serve the Confederacy, as did most of the men, rather than go to a prison camp.   Monroe enlisted with the 8th Arkansas Cavalry (“Desha Rangers”), Companies F & S in Arkansas County on March 10, 1863, where he served as quartermaster-sergeant, a very responsible position.  

James Monroe Elliott, Sr. age 66

In 1882, Monroe sold his land in Stone County, Arkansas, left Margaret and his youngest three daughters behind. He moved with another female relative, acting as his wife, to the Republic of Texas.  (Monroe appears to be a bigamist, maybe twice! When he married Margaret, he was still married to a woman from Alabama. He must have been quite the ladies’ man.) Monroe died on July 16, 1897 in Gordon, Palo Pinto, Texas, United States at the age of 81, very poor. 

 

Sources

  • Rosters of the Desha Rangers, 8th Arkansas Cavalry, Carlton’s Arkansas Cavalry, and the 21st Arkansas Infantry are posted on Edward Gerdes’ Civil War Page at this URL: www.counchgenweb.com Edward Gerdes’ Civil War Page.
  • Index to Compiled Military Service Records, film M376, roll 7.  
  • “The McIntires and Elliotts of Bickle’s Cove, Stone County, Arkansas,” by Pauline Mitchell Pierce.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

Walker Todd – Tennessee Infantry, Confederate, private.

Walker Todd was born on May 5, 1822 in Cannon County, Tennessee. Walker was raised by his grandmother. He didn’t know who his father was. To determine parentage, some family members are actively recruiting selected family members for DNA testing. My sister’s DNA result was a match to Walker Everett Todd’s descendents.

Walker married Julia Ann Painter in 1849. There is no evidence they had any children. On May 3, 1855, he married Elmira Frances Haynes in Coffee County, Tennessee. They had ten children, including Albert Newton Todd, Edith McIntire Holder’s grandfather. They also raised their granddaughter, Nellie Lee Todd.

Walker, at the age of 41, enrolled in Company A, 18th Regiment, Tennessee Volunteers under Capt. M. B. Rushing at McMinnville on January 10, 1863.  With his enrollment this late in the war and at his age, Walker may have been under a lot of pressure to “volunteer.” Walker was on the muster roll for the CSA 18th Regiment Tennessee Infantry for January and February 1863; March and April 1863 in hospital; July and August 1863 in hospital at Ringgold, Georgia; September and October in hospital. On Aug 8, 1863 he was sent to Ford Hospital (Newman, GA) and was still on the Hospital Muster Roll for November and December.

January and February 1864, he was present on his Company’s Muster Roll, but from May thru August 1864 he is absent from the Company and back in the hospital. A Dalton, GA Muster Roll dated January 20, 1864 shows he was detailed as a hospital nurse. On January 15, 1865, Walker was admitted to the hospital for disabilities and, on April 14, 1865, was sent to C.S.A. General Hospital No. 11, Charlotte, NC.

From the description of 18th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry activities below, it appears Walker may have been captured at Fort Donelson, with another family ancestor, Charles Wilson Buckmaster, fighting on the Union side. We don’t know what caused Walker’s extended hospital stays. He was present on his Company’s Muster Rolls in January and February 1864, just after the fall of Atlanta, with no significant battles during this time, though he was back in the hospital by May 1864. To learn more, state records from the Civil War will need to be searched.

The 18th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry completed its organization at Camp Trousdale, Tennessee, in June, 1861, and in July had 883 men present for duty. The unit moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, then Fort Donelson where it was captured in February, 1862. Exchanged and reorganized, the 18th was assigned to Pillow’s, J.C. Brown’s, Brown’s and Reynolds’ Consolidated, and Palmer’s Brigade, Army of Tennessee. During October, 1863, the unit was consolidated with the 26th Regiment. It participated in the campaigns of the army from Murfreesboro to Atlanta and returned to Tennessee with Hood, but it was not engaged at Franklin and Nashville. Later it was involved in the North Carolina Campaign. The regiment reported 52 casualties of the 685 at Fort Donelson, then lost thirty-one percent of the 430 at Murfreesboro and forty-one percent of the 330 at Chickamauga. In December, 1863, the 18th/26th totaled 423 men and 290 arms and sustained many losses at Atlanta. Later the 18th was consolidated with the 3rd Volunteers and on December 21, 1864, there were 12 men fit for duty. It was included in the surrender on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonel Joseph B. Palmer, Lieutenant Colonels William R. Butler and Albert G. Carden, and Majors Samuel W. David and William H. Joyner.

While Walker was in the service, Elmira hid the horses in the cedars and hid their money under the beehives. When the Raiders went through the house taking everything they could, she was “too ill” to rise from the chair, where she was sitting on their money. The Raiders were stealing food, animals, and everything they could use. When Elmira’s brother, Newton Haynes, got out of the service, he planted the crops. When Walker (who had to walk most of the way home from Virginia) was able to get home, he told the Elmira’s brother he could have half the crops since he had done all the work.

His Oath of Allegiance is dated May 24, 1865 and lists his description: dark complexion, gray hair, gray eyes, 5’11” tall. At the age of 84, he died on July 28, 1906 in Cannon County, Tennessee. He and his wife are buried in the Todd Cemetery, on the hillside of the family farm just a few yards from where their frame house stood.

Source

  • Index to Compiled Military Service Records, film M231, roll 43.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.