Unemployment Relief Census of 1933 – Transcribed by Oklahoma Historical Society

While on the Oklahoma Historical Society website yesterday, I found the following information about the 1933 Relief Census. Here’s the link  to the site:  http://www.okhistory.org/research/reliefcensus. (Right click and select open in a new window.)

On this site listed as heads of household were both my maternal and paternal grandfathers, Carl Holder (listed as Carroll Holder, age 28 in 1933, a farmer with 4 people in the family and living in Wade, OK, which all matches Daddy Holder) and William Musgrove (age 24, a farmer with 3 people in the family and living in Oklahoma County). Also included in the census as heads of household were two of Daddy Holder’s brothers, E.F. and Joe, along with their father, G.B.

Within a few years, both my grandfathers, Carl Holder and William Musgrove, were able to buy their own farms.

For a genealogist, this census gives us another tool to place people in a particular place and social context.

In order to be on “the dole,” most likely, the family could not own any land. The head of household may have had to be of a certain age. A quick search today did not list the criteria for being on the dole in Oklahoma, but each state set up their own criteria until Roosevelt established the Federal Employment Relief Act in late 1933. I’ve requested a book on the Depression in Oklahoma, which may give more information.

From the site:

The OHS Research Center staff and volunteers have transcribed Oklahoma records for   unemployment relief. These records offer insight into the economic status of Oklahomans during the 1930s. There are more than 100,000 names included in this database.

The OHS Research Division’s manuscript archives include information for several counties. These records are located in the William H. Murray Collection [1982.294]. The records are fairly uniform and consist of typed pages.

  1. Beaver County
  2. Blaine County
  3. Bryan County
  4. Caddo County
  5. Canadian County
  6. Cotton County
  7. Craig County
  8. Creek County
  9. Logan County
  10. McCurtain County
  11. McIntosh County
  12. Muskogee County
  13. Noble County
  14. Nowata Count
  15. Okfuskee County
  16. Oklahoma County
  17. Okmulgee County
  18. Ottawa County
  19. Pawnee County
  20. Payne County
  21. Pottawatomie County
  22. Sequoyah County
  23. Texas County
  24. Tillman Count
  25. Tulsa County
  26. Wagoner County
  27. Woodward County

 

Copyright © 2013 Andrea Musgrove Perisho

 

Native American Connections

Family stories indicate some branches of our family tree included ancestors from the Five Civilized Tribes. There is much interest in proving Indian or Native American ancestry.  However, there are very specific criteria for proving Indian ancestry.

The Dawes Commission Roll Book, the Final Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes, used for Certification of Degree of Indian Blood was compiled mainly during the years 1899-1906. Anyone who died before 1899 does not have a roll number. To be enrolled there were certain requirements to be met. Application had to be made during the enrollment period, showing membership in the tribe and actual residence within the area occupied by the tribe.

If the ancestor lived outside Indian Territory, they did not qualify to apply on the Dawes commission. Our Charles Wilson Buckmaster and his family were living in Indian Territory then, but I have not found any of his family names on the Dawes Roll, nor any evidence they were considered Indian. I have found no other records of other ancestors who were living in Indian Territory during the enrollment period.

Some people may never be able to prove Indian heritage. Indian law usually dictated that “when any citizen shall remove with his effects out of the limits of the Nation and become a citizen of any other government, all his rights and privileges as a citizen of the Nation shall cease,” provided nevertheless that the National Council shall have power to re-admit any such person who may at any time want to return to the Nation, but no one is entitled as an inherent right to re-admission to citizenship. If an applicant proves that at one time he was a recognized citizen of the Nation and has forfeited that citizenship, there is no law by which he can demand admission. As a matter of course, the same laws and usages governed the Dawes Commission in their consideration of claims to citizenship.

Possible Cherokee Connection

Through the Holder line, family tradition states Peter Adams Tyler met his wife-to-be, Eveline Minerva Price, at a trading post on the Mississippi River. Minerva was reportedly 1/2 or more Cherokee. Practicality would suggest that he met Minerva at a store or post in Northwest Arkansas. Eveline, born in North Carolina, followed the Cherokee routes to Arkansas, and Price is a prominent name among the Cherokee Nation. As yet, proof of her Cherokee heritage has not been found. Peter and Eveline married on July 4, 1845. They had nine children, including James Buchanan Tyler, Carl Lee Holder’s grandfather.

Possible Choctaw Connection

Through another branch of Eva Buckmaster Musgrove’s line, through a Google search, I found over twenty  pages of records where, starting on February 1, 1898, Tryphena Elizabeth McGinnis Pearcy filed a lawsuit against the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, declaring herself and her children as Choctaw Indians. Appeals went back and forth in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Citizenship Court in Ardmore, Indian Territory and in Tishomingo, the seat of the Southern District of the Indian Territory, until 1904, when the court ruled that the plaintiffs, Tryphena Elizabeth Pearcy and her children “were not entitled to be deemed or declared citizens of the Choctaw Nation, or to enrollment as such, or to any rights whatever flowing  therefrom.”

Copyright 2013 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho