DNA Results – Scandinavian Genetic Ethnicity

My DNA results through Ancestry.com are back with a match with a Buckmaster 2nd cousin who attended the reunion for the first time this year and with about 35 4th cousins. I’ll check those matches to see if we can extend the family tree. (For privacy reasons, names of no living people will be used in my blog, unless permission is given.)

My AncestryDNA Genetic Ethnicity Results are as follows. The results may change as more testing is performed.

  • 59% Scandinavian
  • 14% British Isles
  • 14% Eastern European
  • 9% Southern European
  • 4% Uncertain

It looks like our ancestors from the British Isles were descended from Vikings! Below is the Scandinavian Genetic Ethnicity Report from Ancestry.com. I’ll add information on the other ethnicities in later blogs.

About Scandinavian Ethnicity

Modern Day Location

Norway, Sweden, Denmark

Did You Know?

In the northern latitudes, the sun rarely dips below the horizon in the summer, meaning very long days and very short nights. However, the tables are turned the rest of the year, with almost no daylight at all in the middle winter months.

About Your Region

Looks like you may have some Viking blood in you. Your genetic ethnicity ties you to Scandinavia, which includes the modern-day nations of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. While the Vikings were feared by the coastal towns of medieval Europe as seaborne raiders and violent pillagers, they were also well-travelled merchants and ambitious explorers. They raided the Mediterranean coast of Africa, settled areas as far south as the Black Sea, and traded with the Byzantine Empire. And it was a Norse sailor, Leif Ericson, who is credited with being the first European to travel to North America—500 years before Columbus.

And it wasn’t just the Vikings who had an irrepressible urge for adventure. In the days of the mighty Roman Empire, the Goths, originally from Sweden, wandered south and settled in what is now eastern Germany. In the year 410, they invaded and sacked Rome, setting the stage for the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire.

In the more recent past, the Scandinavian nations have embraced a new identity. Considering their neutrality during the World Wars, high quality of life, and relatively egalitarian societies, they are known more for their peaceful ways than their ancient Viking lineage might suggest.

Migrations into this region

As the glaciers retreated from Northern Europe, roaming groups of hunter-gatherers from Southern Europe followed reindeer herds inland and marine resources along the Scandinavian coast. Neolithic farmers eventually settled the region beginning about 6,000 years ago. However, the tradition of hunting and reindeer-herding remains among the Sami people of northern Scandinavia. The Sami formerly occupied much of northern Scandinavia and Russia, and likely had connections with the Volga-Ural region (where there are other languages similar to Finnish and Sami).

Migrations from this region

The rise of the Viking culture spread Scandinavian ancestry far throughout Europe. Their earliest coastal voyages took them to Scotland, northeastern England and established the settlement of Dublin, Ireland. As their power continued to grow, the Vikings spread farther afield, down the Volga River in Russia, to the coast of France and Spain. But perhaps their most famous accomplishments were the oceanic voyages across the Atlantic, establishing villages in Iceland and Greenland and exploring the northern coast of Canada. Few, if any of the early Scandinavian settlers, are thought to have survived in the Americas. However, Iceland remains a flourishing post of Scandinavian language and culture.

 Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

James Allen Medcalf – Company E, 4th Regiment, Indiana Infantry, Union Army, private.

Allen Medcalf was the brother of William Tate Musgrave’s first wife, Nancy, and the father of William Tate’s second wife, Myzella.  In the Mexican War, Allen was mustered in on June 8, 1847 by Captain Gatlin. He served in Company E, 4th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers. He was mustered out July 20, 1848 in Madison, Indiana by Major H.A. Goff. It looks like the troops made it into Mexico, since records indicate some soldiers were left sick at the mouth of the Rio Grande. I don’t have any further records on his service in the Civil War.

James Allen Medcalf and Amanda Wood were married by Reverend Thomas Walker on September 14, 1848. Allen Metcalf died on April 8, 1868 in Dale, Spencer County, Indiana. Sometime after his death, Amanda moved to Texas and lived with her son, George Edwin Medcalf. She signed her pension applications with her mark. William Tate Musgrave and Walker Medcalf were witnesses to that pension application and signed with their signatures.

Sources

  • Certificate of Marriage issued on September 1, 1848 – Allen Medcalf and Amanda Wood.
  • Roster of the First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Regiments, Adjutant General Military U.S. Military Records, 1631-1976. Database on-line Provo, UT, USA. P 430-431.
  • Mexican War pension #4180 for Amanda Wood Metcalf, widow of Allen Medcalf.
  • Land Bounty Warrant No 42077 for 160 acres received by Allen about March 28, 1849, according to Amanda’s Pension Application in Van Alstyne, Grayson County, Texas with George E. Lemon as her attorney.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

Charles Wilson Buckmaster – Iowa Infantry, Union Army, private.

Charles Wilson Buckmaster was born on September 12 1843 in Coshocton, Coshocton County, Ohio. Wilson was a family name passed down from his great, great, great grandmother Mary Wilson Buckmaster, who was born in Kent County, Delaware in 1680. 

He enlisted as a private in Company E and A, 14th Regiment of the Iowa Infantry on August 30, 1862, serving in the 42nd and the 43rd Infantry.  From the regimental records, it looks like he saw a lot of action and may have been a POW. I’ve requested his military and pension records.

Service Details: The 14th Regiment, Iowa Infantry was organized at Davenport in November and mustered in November 6, 1861. Ordered to St. Louis, Mo., December, 1861. Attached  to District of Corinth, Dept. of Tennessee, to December, 1862. Davenport, Iowa, and St. Louis, Mo., to April, 1863. Cairo, Ill., District of Columbus, 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Springfield, Ill., to August, 1865.

From Regiment records, Charles may have fought in the following battles: Fort Donelson February 12-16, 1862, where Walker Everett Todd, another ancestor fighting for the south, was captured; Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7; held center at “Hornet’s Nest” and Regiment mostly captured, paroled October 12, 1862, exchanged November 19, 1862;  Those not captured assigned to Union Brigade and participated in the advance on and seize of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 13. Duty at Corinth till August, and at Danville, Miss., till October. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. At Corinth until December 18. Ordered to rejoin Regiment at Davenport, Iowa, December 18. While en route participated in the defense of Jackson, Tenn., December 20, 1862, to January 4, 1863. Arrived at Davenport January 7. Reorganizing Regiment at Davenport, Iowa, and at St. Louis, Mo., till April. Moved to Cairo, Ill., April 10, and duty there till January, 1864. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss. Meridian Campaign February 3 to March 5. Meridian February 14-15. Marion February 15-17. Canton February 28. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Fort DeRussy March 14. Occupation of Alexandria March 16. Henderson’s Hill March 21. Battle of Pleasant Hill April 9. Cloutiersville and Cane River Crossing April 22-24. At Alexandria April 27-May 13. Moore’s Plantation May 5-7. Bayou Boeuf May 7. Bayou LaMourie May 12. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 18-19. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to Memphis, Tenn., May 20-June 10. Lake Chicot, Ark., June 6-7. Smith’s Expedition to Tupelo July 5-21. Pontotoc July 11. Camargo’s Cross Roads, near Harrisburg, July 13. Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town Creek July 15. Smith’s Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Abbeville and Oxford August 12. Abbeville August 23. Mower’s Expedition up White River to Duvall’s Bluff September 1-7. March through Arkansas and Missouri in pursuit of Price September 17-October 25. (4 Cos. sent to Pilot Knob, Mo., and participated in actions at Ironton, Shut in Gap and Arcadia September 26. Fort Davidson, Pilot Knob, September 26-27. Leesburg or Harrison September 28-29.) Regiment assembled at St. Louis, Mo., November 2 and mustered out November 16, 1864. Veterans and recruits consolidated to two Companies and assigned to duty at Springfield, Ill., till August 8, 1865, when Charles was mustered out.

 His regiment lost five officers and fifty-nine enlisted men killed and mortally wounded during service and one officer and one hundred thirty eight enlisted men by disease. Total 203.

 Charles mustered out as a private of Company E on June 6, 1865 at Davenport, Iowa. Shortly after mustering out, on September 10, 1865, Charles Wilson married Mahala Hopkins.

 By 1880, the family had moved to Stafford, Kansas. It appears the family moved to Indian Territory sometime before April 7, 1885, when Andrew Jackson Buckmaster, Eva’s father, was born in Indian Territory, Oklahoma. 

 Charles died on March 18, 1919, (age 75 years) in Holdenville, Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. He had been in Holdenville and was planning to go home to Hilltop on a local freight train. He climbed aboard the caboose which was detached from the train and fell off. He was dead when found. The doctor ruled the cause of death as a heart attack. Charles Wilson was Eva Buckmaster Musgrove’s grandfather.

 Sources

  • U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, on-line Provo, Utah.
  • Index to Compiled Military Service Records, film M541, roll 4.
  • Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of Rebellion.
  • Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

William Tate Musgrave – Indiana Infantry, Union Army, private.

William Tate Musgrave was born on August 28, 1836 in Lawrenceburg, Dearborn County, Indiana. He married Nancy Catherine Metcalf in Spencer County, Indiana in 1857. They had one daughter, Helen Perthena or Helen Florence. By 1860, he owned a farm and personal property worth $1500. Not bad for the time, for a twenty-four year old. William Tate was called “Flannelmouth” because he was a “teller of tall tales,” according Richard Graham Musgrove in his “The American Family Musgrove.”

William Tate enlisted under Captain Cyrus Winkler Medcalf, Nancy’s brother, on August 25, 1861. He served as a private in Company B, 42nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry. “The American Family Musgrove” states that William Tate fought in the battle of Shiloh on April 6 and 7, 1862. This author (amp) has copies of William Tate’s muster records from the National Archives showing him absent sick at General Hospital, Evansville, Indiana, during March and April 1862. William Tate couldn’t have been in two places at one time, so unless this author (amp) sees evidence to the contrarily, she will assume William Tate was not at Shiloh and his nickname was well-earned.

 His muster records show he was first hospitalized by December 1861. He was honorably discharged on September 12, 1862, with chronic bronchitis after typhoid pneumonia. He was at Evansville General Hospital in Indiana during most of his time of service, serving as a nurse when not convalescing himself. 

 At his discharge, he was twenty-six years old, five feet eight inches tall, with fair complexion, gray eyes and light hair. On other records, his height is variously described as between five feet six inches to five feet eight inches with blue eyes or gray eyes, all with fair hair, which doesn’t really match the hair color in the attached picture, nor other comments I’ve seen about his bright red hair. His occupation is consistently listed as a farmer.

In 1870, while still living in Spencer County with Nancy and their daughter, William owned land and personal property valued at $3500, a nice sized farm for this time.  In 1871, after Nancy died, William married Nancy’s niece, Myzella Jane (Izella) Metcalf. Five of their eight children lived to adulthood. The family moved to Collin County, Texas by 1880, where Ed Enos, William Walker and Benjamin Harris were born joining their older siblings, Lottie and Oliver. I have found no evidence if they owned or rented the Texas land. Sometime before 1900, the family then moved to Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, where they rented.

William Tate died on April 22, 1919 (age 82 years) in Newalla, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma of “general disabilities of extreme old age.”

William Tate generally used the spelling Musgrave, as did his ancestors. Perthena’s last name was spelled Musgrave.  All the children born from Myzella used the spelling of Musgrove, as did their descendants.  

In his later years, he listed the birthplace of his mother and father as Ireland. From many records, we know his father, Enos, was born in Ohio and his mother, Amanda Lemming (Lemon), was born in New Jersey.  While we have little information on his mother’s family line, his father’s ancestors were in America by 1682 with the country of origin England, though the family was in Ireland briefly before sailing to America. 

Sources

  • *Extensive quotes for Enos from “The American Family Musgrove,” by Richard Graham Musgrove.
  • William Tate Musgrave – Certificate of Disability for Discharge and Muster Cards located by Andrea Musgrove Perisho in the National Archives, Washington D.C. The records were filed under William F. Musgrove on Film M540, roll 54 in the Index to Compiled Military Service Records. The old-fashioned “T” would just need a cross-bar to be a perfect F, so the search took all day before I located the correct William Musgrove. Other source records are his Civil War Pension Application, Declaration for Widow’s Pension, death certificate, the 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900 and the 1910 census.

Copyrighted, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

Civil War – Overview

By the 1850s, the northern and southern United States had different views over the issues of states’ rights versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery. There were also fundamental economic differences between the North and the South. Manufacturing and industry were well established in the North with agriculture mostly on small family farms. While the South had many small family farms, much of the South’s economy was based on a system of large-scale farming which depended on slaves to grow certain crops, especially cotton and tobacco. Most of the politicians were plantation owners.

 The abolitionist movement in the North and northern opposition to slavery’s extension into the new western states created concern in the slaveholding south about the future of slavery, the backbone of their economy.  

 These tensions exploded into the American Civil War (1861-65). After Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, seven southern states (South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas) seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America (C.S.A.). Four more states quickly joined them. The War Between the States was also known as the Civil War or, in the south, the War of Northern Aggression. By the time the C.S.A. surrendered in 1865, the Civil War was the costliest war ever fought on American soil. About 620,000 of 2.4 million soldiers were killed, with millions more injured. The population and territory of the South were devastated taking decades to recover.

 I’ve done extensive research to find ancestors who were involved in the Civil War. These eight men are all I have found, so far. Others may well have served.

I’ve found no information showing that these eight men were slave owners. All of them, North and South, were small farmers working hard to raise food to feed their large families with enough cash money left to pay taxes, service their debts and pay for any other necessities they had to buy. It appears our Civil War soldiers were drafted, joined because they had to or for the hope of land grants or the payment of cash, a rare commodity in these rural areas and small towns. 

Until I started my research, I had not heard any of these ancestors’ stories. Though as a youngster growing up in southern Oklahoma, an area still known as “Little Dixie”, I was almost an adult before I knew damYankee was two words. These stories help explain family memories of the hardships of the “War of Northern Aggression”, still felt close to the bone one hundred years after the war ended. 

“War is not the fine adventure it is represented to be by novelists and historians, but a dirty bloody mess,unworthy of people who claim to be civilized.” – George A. Gibbs, Private, 18th Mississippi Infantry.

“Will God forgive men for such work is a question I often ask myself, but I receive a silent reply and utter my own prayer for the safety of my poor soul and my country.” Hamlin A. Coe, Sergeant, 19th Michigan Infantry.

 Both quotes above are not from our family history, but from other Civil War soldiers, quoted from “A People’s History of The Civil War – Struggles for the Meaning of Freedom,” by David Williams, 2005. This book is a startling contrast to other books on the Civil War, focusing not on the generals and battle details, but on the soldiers. The stories in this book about treatment of the soldiers are so bleak, even though I am an avid reader, I can read only a few pages at a time. Off quoted in the book – “The Civil War was a rich man’s war, but a poor man’s battle.”

I look forward to further study of our ancestors Civil War records.

 

The First Musgrave in Our Family in America

John Musgrave came to American in 1682, when he was 13 or 14 years of age. He was a Quaker and came as indentured servant* with Valentine Hollingsworth, living with Hollingsworth and his family for about four years in Delaware.

John’s father, Oswin Musgrave, most likely made the arrangements for John’s passage to America, planning to follow shortly with the rest of the family.

John was born in Belfast, Ireland in about 1668. His older brother, Moses, and parents, Oswin and Elizabeth, soon joined him in what is now New Castle County, Delaware near the present Pennsylvania-Delaware border. The earliest record is a warrant to John and Moses Musgrave to buy 200 acres of land, dated the November 2, 1689. This was just seven years after William Penn had founded his colony in Pennsylvania.

John went on to become a successful yeoman farmer and a representative of the Township, as well as a provincial representative with William Penn. His family has been extensively researched as has his father Oswin.** Since my direct ancestor is his brother, Moses, I’ll focus on Moses in a later post, after introducing his father and brothers. 

Oswin Musgrave

Oswin (first name also spelled Owen, Oswyn, Ossman and Oswin and last name also spelled Musgrove or Moosgrave on various documents) was the father of John and Moses. There is a lot of speculation about Oswin’s background. Oswin means “God’s friend”. There is speculation the name may be an adopted name. If so, we may never learn who his parents were. In “The Ejected of 1662: Cumberland & Westmorland; Their Predecessors and Successors” by Benjamin Nightingale there are quite a few references to a grandson of Sir Simon Musgrave who some speculate may be Oswin’s father.

Musgrave is a very old and noble English name with debate on which was first, a Musgrave from Germany via France with William the Conqueror or the English ones who formed the village of Greater Musgrave. Interestingly, Quakerism in Ireland was started by William Edmundson (1627-1712) who was born at Little Musgrave, England. The earliest records of Ireland have been lost by fire, leaving us to speculate on our Oswin Musgrave’s move from England to Ireland, and then on to Pennsylvania. That’s for other historians to research. Here’s what we do know.

 Oswin MUSGRAVE was born about 1640 in Cumberland County, England, some say at Eden Hall. He had died by 1687 in Chester County, Pennsylvania at age of 47. Oswin is thought to have moved from England to North Ireland about 1649, with his parents.  Oswin married Elizabeth last name unknown in 1665 in Armagh County, Ireland.*** Oswin and Elizabeth were Quakers. Elizabeth was born in 1644 in Armagh County, Ireland and died in 1698 in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Their sons were:
i. Moses Musgrave Sr.-born 1667 in Belfast, Armagh Co., Ireland; died Lancaster Co., PA at age 59.
ii. John Musgrave Sr.-born in 1669 in Belfast, Armagh Co., Ireland; died Chester Co., PA at age 76.
iii. Thomas Musgrave was born in America and buried in Darby, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
iv. Abraham Musgrave was born in America and buried in Darby, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
v. Aaron Musgrave was born in America. We have no details on his death.

Oswin and Elizabeth left Belfast, Ireland arriving in port on the Delaware River in 1682.**** In 1683, Oswin bought 100 acres of land near his son John’s 200 acres. By 1687, Elizabeth was referred to as Widow Musgrave. In 1689, Elizabeth Musgrave was one of twelve women impaneled as a jury; in Quaker communities, women served as jurors on trials with women defendants.  Elizabeth was still alive on November 28, 1697, when she was asked to bring consent for Moses to marry Patience Hussey.  

 “John, Aaron, Moses, Thomas and Abraham Musgr(o)ve were the first settlers in the valley of Sadsbury, Lancaster county. Their warrant bears date in the year 1713. They purchased nearly all the land in that rich valley from George and Caleb Pierce, cleared off their land, and erected themselves residences. . . They were members of the society of Friends … The old Musgrove burying ground was expressly reserved by Moses Musgrove… It was kept enclosed …but, it was plowed up long since …”*****

*Indentured servant – the historical practice of contracting to work for a fixed time, typically three to seven years, in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities during the term of indenture. Usually the father made the arrangements and signed the paperwork. Both men and women could become indentured servants; most were under the age of 21, and most became helpers on farms or house servants. They were not paid cash. It was a system that provided jobs and transportation for poor young people from the overcrowded European labor markets who wanted to come to the colonies where more workers were needed.

**“A History of the Quaker Branch of the Musgrave Family”, Stanley Musgrave Shartle, 1995.

***Ossman Moosgrave paid one hearth tax in County of Armagh, Ballynegirne, Oneilland, West Ireland, Ireland in 1664. Source: Hearth Money Roll, County Armagh,1664, p.47. This meant that he had one hearth in his home.

****“A History of the Quaker Branch of the Musgrave Family”, Stanley Musgrave Shartle, 1995.

***** History of Lancaster Co, Early Settlers and Eminent Men, Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore, 1974. contributed by Isaac Walker,.

Introduction

 When I first saw our family genealogy books, I was fascinated by all the names and dates, but wanted to know the stories behind the people. I didn’t take the time to start the research until last fall. This blog is a way to share the results of my work and, perhaps, work with other genealogists to build our family trees.

Included in my research is information on the social/political/economic background of the times. Researching this has been helpful to me in understanding why, such as, our ancestors moved from the British Isles on to American and then kept moving west.

I did not hear any of these stories when I was growing up and have gathered them so further generations can be aware of all our ancestors did to create this country and our families. Some of the stories are very exciting; some are heart breaking and some are shocking to us today. Our ancestors were people of their times, reflecting the customs of their current society.  We have ancestors on both sides of the Revolutionary War and on both sides of the Civil War. We have ancestors who were slave owners and, while not documented, we may well have Native American ancestors. 

The name “After Toil Comes Rest” comes from the headstone of James Monroe Elliott, Jr., the son of the Civil War soldier whose will be posted soon. James Monroe Elliott, Jr., has his own interesting stories, which I hope to research someday. 

 I do not give my permission for commercial use of this information, but feel free to use this information in your own research. 

I am fully responsible for all errors in this material. One genealogist said she now spends 40% of her time correcting her earlier research. I fully expect to have the same experience. Please let me know of any corrections or new information available, especially about our family stories.