Samuel Musgrave – Revolutionary War Soldier and “Indian Spy” #5 in 52 Ancestors

Picture given to Norma Ennis Craig Musgrove by a relative stating the subject was Samuel Musgrave. Does anyone have proof of this?Samue

Samuel Musgrave (Musgrove) was a Revolutionary War soldier who fought under General Washington in the Battle of Brandywine. The battle between the Americans and the British army under General Howe took place on September 11, 1777 near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania. The British won the battle, eventually capturing Philadelphia on September 26 and occupying that city until June 1778.[1]

Based on the research of Pauline Mitchell Pierce Via and others, along with my research, I was accepted into the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) with Jacob Eoff as my ancestor. Follow these links to see earlier posts on the Eoffs and Palatine Germans.

Samuel Musgrove was just approved by the DAR as a supplemental patriot for me. Norma Ennis Craig Musgrove did the research linking her grandfather William Tate Musgrave (Musgrove) to Samuel. Norma was a DAR member herself.

You’ve probably noticed the two different spellings of Samuel’s and William Tate’s last name. William Tate used the spelling Musgrave in his early days, then Musgrove later in life. One family genealogist speculated the spelling was changed to differentiate the child from his first wife from the children by his second wife. Pure speculation, but the timing is about right. Samuel Musgrave’s Quaker parents and grandparents generally used Musgrave as did Samuel’s children. The DAR database is about the only place I’ve seen Samuel’s name spelling Musgrove.

Samuel was the fourth generation of his line in the United States.[2] He was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania in 1747 and died on 2 Sept 1833 in Warrick County, Indiana at 87 years of age.[3] He married Elizabeth Brand in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania on 10 Sept 1767.[4] She was born in Pennsylvania about 1750 and died about 1843 in Warrick County, Indiana.[5]

Samuel enlisted in July 1776 in Cannonkackick Settlement, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania and served three months.[6] In 1782, he served twelve more months as an “Indian Spy” under Lt. Robert Ritchie in Pennsylvania Troops.[7] Much of this information is in Samuel’s Proof Pension Claim W.9211.[8] On 30 Dec 1834, Elizabeth filed for a widow’s pension.[9]

Many of the Native Americans had treaties with the British, whom they supported during the war.[10]An Indian Spy patrolled the trails along the frontier warning the settlers of impending attacks.[11] Generally the spys or scouts were divided into pairs, with each pair assigned a section of the frontier were war paths were watched.[12] The spys were not an attack force, but warned the settlers so they could prepare for defense. [13] The men carried their supplies on their backs, slept on the ground and foraged for food living off deer and bear meat.[14] This was a very different life from Samuel’s Quaker relatives who stayed in settled areas, especially considering the pacifist Quaker beliefs. Follow these links to see previous blogs on Samuel Musgrave and Moses Musgrave.

DAR Logo
DAR Logo

If you are a woman over the age of 18 years and descended from either my McIntire/Eoff line or  Musgrave line, you are eligible for DAR membership. If you are interested, contact me for my DAR number and contact your local DAR chapter for more details.[15] Since the research has been done on those lines, you’ll need to collect fewer documents to prove your lineage. For the men, the same information can be used to apply for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution.

[1] Wikipedia, Battle of Brandywine, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014.)

[2] Musgrove, Duane and Marie Wilson, A History of the Moses Musgrave Family, Quakers, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Kansas and Further West (Indiana, Evansville Bindery, Inc, 1998), p 11.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ibid.

[10] Zeigler, Fred, Cook’s Old Mill, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014). Clinch Scouts, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014).

[11] Ibid.

[12] Ibid.

[13] Ibid

[14] Ibid.

[15] National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, ( : accessed 27 Feb 2014).


Written for 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks challenge at No Story Too Small.

Copyright © 2014 Andrea Musgrove Perisho


Knox Craig Eoff Families after the Revolutionary War

By 1783, James Knox Sr., at the age of seventy, was made Justice of the Peace in Chester County, South Carolina, four years before he died. A copy of his signature, with JP for Justice of the Peace after his signature, is in the Petersen/Lyle book, so he was literate.

 With the disruptions of the moves from Scotland to Ireland, then to the frontier, James and Elizabeth’s  children were probably not literate; their pension applications were signed with their mark. Illiteracy was almost the norm in Scots-Irish, as people moved west ahead of schools and churches. This lack of education led to a distrust of bankers, lawyers, politicians, even preachers who could read, since, in their experience, most of the educated people just tried to take advantage of them, still leading to a distrust of education in some parts of the county. By the Civil War, more people could read and write.

In October 1786, James and Elizabeth sold their Royal Grant and divided the proceeds among their heirs. The 450 acres sold for the 2012 equivalent of $90 US dollars. Sometime 1787, James Sr. died.

In 1788, Elizabeth Craig Knox moved to Crab Orchard, Madison County, Kentucky with some of her childrens’ families (Samuel Morrow, Robert Knox, Samuel Knox, Isaac Eoff and Jacob Sutton) in a train of six wagons. The families of John Gaston Jr., Jannet Miller Knox and William Knox stayed in South Carolina.  The Robert Knox and Jacob Sutton families stayed at Crab Orchard. John Knox with his mother Elizabeth, along with the Samuel Knox and Samuel Morrow families, moved to the southern part of Lincoln County which is now Pulaski County. The Isaac Eoff family moved northward into Madison County.

Sometime in 1809, Robert Knox when back to South Carolina to settle his wife’s estate. Upon his return, he invited Nellie, his niece, to return home with him on the extra horse. With the arrangement made, Nellie rode side-saddle all the way to Frankfort. While in Kentucky, she also visited her uncle Samuel Knox. There she met her cousin William. In October, they were married with another uncle Samuel Morrow as bondsman. At the time of their marriage, William was almost 21 and Eleanor (Nellie) was 24.

In 1812, at the age of 93, Elizabeth Craig Knox, traveled with her daughter Ann’s family again, moving to Puncheon Camp Creek, Garrison Fork, Duck River, Bedford County, Tennessee in another wagon train. Included in the caravan were her daughters’ families – Elizabeth Morrow, Margaret and Ann Sutton and most of the others who had left South Carolina. John, at sixty seven, and Robert stayed in Crab Orchard.

In 1822, at the age of 103, Elizabeth Craig Knox died in Puncheon Camp Creek, Tennessee. She was probably living in a log cabin, with Ann and Jacob Sutton, at the time of her death. She is thought to be buried in Stevenson Cemetery, in an unmarked grave, as was the custom in that day. She was a very long way from her comfortable place of birth, probably as an educated Lady in sophisticated Edinburgh, Scotland to the frontier of a county which didn’t even exist at the time of her birth.

In December 1826, Isaac Eoff had surveyed 25 acres in Warren County, Tennessee warrant #2031 and 50 acres surveyed on warrant #1233, adding to land already owned. The new land may have been land grants for his Revolutionary War service.

On Aug 7, 1832 while living in Rutherford County, Tennessee, Isaac applied for a Revolutionary War pension in the courts of Bedford County, Tennessee. The pension was approved and he drew $60.00 per year. He and Margaret had eight children. One of their sons, John W. (Go Back) Eoff, is our direct ancestor.

John W. (Go Back) Eoff was born on March 15, 1795, in Madison County, Kentucky and  died about 1867 in Carroll County, Arkansas. First, John may have been married to Mary Jane last name unknown but perhaps Knox, who died after the birth of her first or second child. Shortly afterwards, he married Lucy Shaw, born March 10, 1804; she died between 1867 and 1870 in Boone County, Arkansas.   John became known as “Go Back” Eoff because he couldn’t seem to decide just where he wanted to live. It is said that he returned to Tennessee after the move to Arkansas, then returned to Izard County, Arkansas and was there when his mother Margaret died in 1849, then back to Carroll or Boone County. He is said to even moved to Texas for awhile!

Lucy Shaw’s parents haven’t been proven. It is thought by some genealogists that Lucy was the daughter of Christopher Shaw of South Carolina and Bedford County, Tennessee, where there are no courthouse records before 1850 due to a fire. Christopher Shaw deeded land to his three surviving sons. On the deed of land in Bedford County, Tennessee from Christopher Shaw to John Eoff no mention is made of any relationship. Lucy is believed to have been borne in Kentucky, but there is no proof. Christopher Shaw is a proven DAR patriot through his three sons. The three sons’ names are spelled out in full detail in the deeds from their father and mother. No daughters are listed in the deeds for him, although on the 1800 Edgefield District, South Carolina census there was a young female in his household at the time. More research needs to be done in Edgefield District, South Carolina to see just when Christopher Shaw sold his holding there. If he sold out between 1800-1804 then it is quite possible he did go to Kentucky before making the final move to Bedford County, Tennessee. (Details in this paragraph by Pauline Mitchell Pierce.)

In 1841, a wagon train comprising the families of John, Samuel, William and Alexander Eoff made their way through Tennessee, across the Mississippi, into Northwest Arkansas. John dropped from the train in Izard County, with the rest of the family settling in Carroll County, where Margaret Knox Eoff passed away on Sept 26, 1848 at the age of 85. Her remains are buried in the Eoff Cemetery near Harrison, (now) Boone County, Arkansas. Her husband, Isaac, the 3rd generation of Revolutionary War patriots died 1841. (See his headstone and details in the previous Revolutionary War section.)


  • “Knox, James Knox, Sr. and Elizabeth Craig Knox and their Descendants,” compiled by Lorene K. Petersen and Jennie Bell Lyle, 1984 for much of the material in this Knox section.
  • “The McIntires and the Elliotts of Bickle’s Cove, Stone County, Arkansas and the descendents of John McIntire of Maury County, Tennessee,” by Pauline Mitchell Pierce, January 1997.

Our Tylers – Loyalists in Llewellyn Conspiracy in the Revolutionary War?

British FlagAs the conflict between England and her American colonies developed, most southern coastal planters were loyal to England, which was the market for their crops. Most plantation owners were members of Anglican churches, the same religion as in England. These plantation owners would travel back and forth to England, with business ties on both sides of the Atlantic.

 John William Llewellyn II, was an Anglican loyalist, a plantation owner and a cousin of Charles Cornwallis, the leader of the British forces in North America. Determined to save North Carolina from the rebels, Llewellyn started a secret society with the goals of the capture of a rebel munitions magazine, the protection of patriot army deserters and the death of “all the heads of the Country”.  An oath of fidelity to King George III was required before joining the society.

Llewellyn’s secret society had something for everyone. Loyalists to the crown were the first to join, but Llewellyn played up the notion that North Carolina’s willingness to ally itself with France meant that the rebels would make the Roman Catholic faith the state religion. The conspirators also opposed the proposed draft, which had no support from any of the planters since North Carolina’s economy depended upon the uninterrupted harvesting of crops.

Llewellyn’s secret society had identification signals for members – a small stick with three notches cut into it. Fellow members could identify each other by alternating recited letters, spelling out B-E-T-R-U-E together, rubbing the left forefinger over the right arm, nose or chin before spelling out the society’s motto. Members usually took new recruits and held meetings in a gourd patch away from prying eyes, so the loyalist conspiracy was also called the Gourd Patch Conspiracy.

In the summer of 1777, the Llewellyn’s plans fell apart when a conspirator was arrested. Names were named and William Tyler Sr. was one of the first people identified, as was our Peter Tyler, who had been tasked with assassinating Llewellyn’s Baptist neighbor, the rebel Nathan Mayo. Fortunately for all involved, Nathan Mayo did not travel the road that day. Mayo pleaded for a pardon which resulted in sparing Llewellyn’s life and both lived to see one of his Mayo sons marry one of Llewellyn’s daughters.

Our Peter Jordan Tyler, along with his father, William Tyler Sr., and brother, William Tyler Jr., were convicted of misprision of treason, punishable by confinement and confiscation of one-half of one’s property. They received much harassment for their involvement in the Conspiracy.

By 1780, (William) Edward Tyler Sr., who some genealogists believe to be the father of our Peter Jordan Tyler, bought a land grant in what became Louisville, Kentucky.  I have questions on if this (William) Edward Tyler Sr., one of the founders of Louisville, is really our Peter Jordan Tyler’s father.  (William) Edward’s oldest son, Robert had an illustrious career helping Daniel Boone’s brother, Squire Boone, establish the first white settlement in Shelby County, named Boone’s Station, and serving as a captain in the Revolutionary War. Both President Harry Truman and Vice President Dick Cheney escended from  this Robert Tyler. Peter Jordan is not listed in the Truman genealogy. Also of concern to me in this linage is the fact that William, a son called Walking Billy, went to Louisville with the rest of the Tyler family and another William stayed with Peter Jordan in North Carolina, moved with him to Kentucky and then they moved onto Arkansas together. Typically, there would not have been two living sons named William in one family unit. There were three Tyler families in the area at this time – it may take DNA testing or more research to ever sort out this family tree.

Robert Tyler, who could be the first Tyler in our family line, arrived in Maryland about 1650. He was a planter, probably tobacco.  In his will in 1674, he had over 1000 acres of land and the slaves required to farm tobacco. His son, also Robert Tyler, married very well and increased the land holdings. The third generation, Edward, died at 30 years of age, leaving several small children, including William Edward Tyler, Sr., who may have guaranteed a bond for a sheriff and lost his money, moving to the western frontier of Virginia by 1756.

It looks like our Peter Tyler was a captain with the British forces in the Revolutionary War. After the war, he stayed in Edgecombe County, North Carolina, where he was continually harassed, losing a court case against his harassers. Records indicate Peter and his brother William moved to Logan County, Kentucky where Peter was supervisor of a road crew and his brother served as a sheriff.  After that, they were some of the first settlers in Arkansas, with Baker Tyler, one of twenty children born over thirty five years, was born in 1793.

Family research indicates Peter Jordan may have had up to three wives after his initial marriage to Rachel Wolfe. His last will and testament names Rachel as his wife, along with all the children. There is nothing to indicate the Rachel named in the will is the same Rachel Wolfe he married prior to 1776.

The family settled in Searcy County, Arkansas, where their reputation may have followed them. Hoyt Young, a genealogist, has the courtship papers of his grandfather Wm S. Moore to Agnes Jane Tyler, where he states that he was told he should not be involved with Tylers. His comment “he would make his own decisions”.

Most genealogists agree our Peter Jordan Tyler was involved in the Llewellyn Conspiracy, through the process of elimination since the date, name and facts fit together. I’m much less certain on his parents, but the lineage from Peter Jordan, to Baker to Peter Adams Tyler is very certain. See the Peter Adams Tyler story in the Civil War section for more information on this family line.


  • Draft material from Colleen Norman, March 25, 1999.
  • “The Loyalist Experience in North Carolina”
  • Loyalists in the Southern Campaign, Pay Abstract, No. 172, Vol 1, p 153. Public Records Office of London, England, Treasury Papers, PRO T50.
  • Bertie County, North Carolina Deed records.
  • Edgecombe County, North Carolina various records.
  • North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Vo 2. Pp 209-217.

Revolutionary War Battle at Musgrove Mill

Musgrove Mill was not owned by our branch of Musgrove’s, who lived in New Jersey and Pennsylvania then. I have no evidence any of our other ancestors were with the Whigs/Colonists or the Loyalists/Tories at the Battle of Musgrove Mill, but some South Carolina men were there. I’m including this information because of our shared family name.

On August 18, 1780, 200 mounted Patriots under joint command of Colonels Isaac Shelby, James Williams and Elijah Clarke raided a Loyalist camp at Musgrove’s Mill, which controlled the local grain supply and guarded a ford of the Enoree River. 

The Battle of Musgrove Mill, August 19, 1780, occurred near the present day border between Spartanburg, Laurens and Union Counties in South Carolina. During the course of the battle, 200 Patriot militiamen defeated a force of about 300 Loyalist militiamen and 200 provincial regulars.

 Using frontier tactics, a band of about twenty men under Captain Shadrach Inman crossed the Enoree and engaged the enemy. Faking confusion, they retreated until the Loyalists were nearly on the Patriot line. The surprised Loyalists fired too early. The Patriots held their fire until the Loyalists got within killing range of their muskets.

 The whole battle took about an hour with the Patriots shrieking Indian war cries. Sixty three Tories were killed and seventy were taken prisoner. The Patriots lost only four dead, including Captain Inman. With General Horatio Gate’s recent defeat at Camden, the victory at Musgrove Mill heartened the Patriots and served as further evidence the South Carolina backcountry could not be held by the Tories.

Shelby and men crossed back over the Appalachian Mountains and into the area of present day Elizabethton, Tennessee. By the next month, Colonels Shelby, John Sevier, and Charles McDowell and their 600 men had joined forces with Col. William Campbell and his 400 Virginia men in advance of the October 7, 1780, Battle of Kings Mountain near present day Blacksburg, South Carolina.  

The Musgrove Mill battlefield has been preserved as the Musgrove Mill State Historic Site, the newest unit of the South Carolina park system. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.  


  • “Knox, James Knox, Sr. and Elizabeth Craig Knox and their Descendants,” compiled by Lorene K. Petersen and Jennie Bell Lyle, 1984 for much of the material in this Knox section.
  • Wikipedia for the Battle of Musgrove Mill material.

Copyright 2013 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho

Samuel Musgrave and Elizabeth Brand – Revolutionary War Service

Samuel Musgrave – Revolutionary War Patriot

Samuel was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in 1747. He was one of eight children born to Moses Musgrove Jr. and Elizabeth, who’s last name is unknown. He moved to Fayette County, PA., then to Muhlenburgh County, Kentucky, and finally, to Warwick County, Indiana. Samuel is the third generation of his family to live in what became the United States of America. His parents and grandparents were Quakers, who did not believe in war and fighting. So Samuel, as a soldier in the Revolutionary War, could not have participated in Quaker services, until reinstated to the Monthly Meeting, after confessing his sins. There is no evidence this ever happened.

“Samuel married Elizabeth Brand on September 10, 1767 in Pennsylvania.” Most of the information we have on him is from his Revolutionary War pension applications. The information within the quotation marks has been summarized by Richard Graham Musgrove and Samuel’s 5th great grand-daughter, Jennifer Berryman at the behest of her grandmother, Beulah Arlene Musgrove Berryman and great-aunt, Norma Ennis Musgrove Craig.

“Samuel began his military service as a Private in the Cumberland County militia. He was assigned to the 4th Battalion and served in the 8th Company. He refers to his immediate superior officer as “Captain Jack.”His first day’s march carried them toward Shippenstown, now named Shippensburg. A sixty mile march to the Susquehanna River carried them through Carlisle. He related that they “went on the river” to Lancaster County where they enjoyed a short few days of rest. Captain Jack took his men down the main road to Chester County and to Philadelphia. (When traveling through Lancaster and Chester Counties, he was traveling near the area where he was born and raised.) Crossing the Schuylkill River on a floating bridge, they arrived in Philadelphia and were given ten days rest after being assigned to barracks.

“They next traveled by sloop on the Delaware River to Trenton, New Jersey.

Revolutionary War Flag

With Long Island, New York, as their destination, they marched through Princeton and arrived in time for the battle on August 27, 1776. Approximately 3,500 colonists were under the command of Generals Washington, Sullivan, Putnam and Sterling. They suffered casualties of about 300 killed and 1,100 wounded or captured while facing a superior force of British troops. Using fog to cover their departure, the colonists crossed the East River in small boats. His unit returned to Philadelphia and, after a few days was verbally discharged and told to return to his home.

“He was welcomed with open arms by Elizabeth and four children, Huldah, Moses, Mary and Samuel Davies. During this break in his militia service, David was born. In July 1777, Samuel began another three months of service in the militia. He relates that his officers were William Duffle, George Crawford and John Cunningham who were under the command of Colonel Jonas McCoy. His company marched into Delaware and remained there a short time until General Washington moved his army back to New Port, Pennsylvania. Recrossing the Brandywine River, his company joined forces with a battalion of riflemen under a Colonel Erwin. As a part of a scouting party, Samuel was sent to Tron Hill to determine the size of the British force and their positions. (Battle of Brandywine.)

“He and others of his militia were sent to march with a group of Regulars to Chadd’s Ford where they were positioned to the right of the army for the battle which occurred on September 11, 1777. This time the colonists were more evenly matched. About 11,000 men fought under General Washington. British Generals Howe, Cornwallis and Knyphausen led about 12,500 troops and suffered 90 killed and 480 wounded or captured.

“Following the battle, Samuel’s unit returned to Philadelphia. He was ill and furloughed for two weeks. He stayed with his sister at Chadd’s Ford. Upon return to his unit, he was still too ill to travel and, since his three months were up, was discharged.

“In 1782, he was drafted again to serve his country as an Indian scout (spy-from DAR records.)Leaving behind two more children, James and Elizabeth, he served two months. Scouting in groups of five, six or seven men, they were based in a stockade fort at Hannahtown, Pennsylvania (the town had been burned by Indians) and served under Lt. Robert Ritche.

Their remaining children were born following this last term of service to his country. Sarah, Jane and William were born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania and the youngest, Ann in Monongalia County, Virginia, now West Virginia.

Samuel and Elizabeth moved to Warrick County, Indiana.”*

Samuel Musgrove was awarded a pension for his Revolutionary War Service receiving $26.66 per annum from March 4, 1821, issued December 9, 1833.

Samuel Musgrave, Revolutionary War Patriot Gravestone

Elizabeth Musgrove also applied for a pension on January 30, 1843, age 93, from Warwick County, Ind., as the widow of Samuel Musgrove, who had died on September 2, 1834. Bible records proving the birth dates of their children were filed: Huldah, b 10 June 1768; Moses, b 8 May 1770; Mary, b 22 June 1772; Samuel Davies, b 22 mar 1775; David, b 22 Nov 1776; Elizabeth, b 25 July 1781; Sarah, b 21 Nov 1783; William, b 19 May 1788; Margaret, b 17 June 1780 and Ann, b 19 Dec 1790. Their son, Moses, is our ancestor.

NOTE: In DAR records and in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly article, Samuel’s last name is listed as MUSGROVE, though other records, including gravestone, say MUSGRAVE.


*Extensive quotes for Samuel, Moses and Enos Musgrave from “The American Family Musgrove,” by Richard Graham Musgrove.

“National Genealogical Society Quarterly: Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Applications.”

Samuel Musgrove – Pension Claim W9211, PA service, Indiana Agency.; Certificate 25203. Act 7 June 1832.

“Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried in Indiana,” Mrs. Roscoe O’Byrne, page 263 for Samuel Musgrave information.

Research of Jennifer Berryman, Beulah Arlene Musgrove Berryman and Norma Ennis Musgrove Craig.


Eoff – Jacob, Peter and Isaac: Three Generations of Patriots

Revolutionary War Flag

In an earlier post, we discussed the Palatine German migration and our first ancestor, Han Jacob Eoff who died in 1710 while still in quarantine on Governor’s Island, New York. His widow, Magdalena was listed with two children, John Jacob Offin age 8, and Anna Barbara Offin age 6. Magdalena  and the children somehow avoided the work camps. She married Joan Peter Kassener (John Peter Castner) in New York  April 2, 1711. (The Eoffs were ancestors of Edith McIntire Holder.)

In 1734, Johan Jacob Öff purchased 432 acres in Somerset County, New Jersey. There Jacob Öff/Eoff built a large tavern/inn which was well known for its soft beds and warm hospitality. It remained in the family for several generations. Jacob also donated the land and money to build Zion Lutheran Church, the cornerstone of which still stands today. The small town that built up around the Eoff tavern was called Pluckemin, supposedly so named because of Jacob’s talent at ‘Plucking them in’…

The most famous patron of the inn was George Washington, who leading a bedraggled but victorious army stopped at the Inn on January 5, 1777 to write to Congress and tell them of his victory at Princeton, New Jersey.

One of the first Masonic Lodges, Solomon’s Lodge No 1 F&A&M, Somverville, New Jersey, was organized in the barn of Christian Eoff, one of Jacob’s sons.   

Jacob Eoff died in Pluckemin, Somerset County, New Jersey on September 9, 1780. His wife was Marie Magdalen Spohnheimer.

Revolutionary War Records for New Jersey show that Jacob Öff took the loyalty oath and served as a private soldier. DAR records show he provided supplies to the Revolutionary Army. His DAR patriot number is A037036. He is listed in the Somerset County, New Jersey censuses of 1775 and 1779.

Johann Jacob Öff’s will is on file in the courthouse at Trenton, New Jersey. His estate was estimated at 13,000 pounds and included nine bound books and six unbound books! Who could imagine a small boy coming to America, with his father dead on Governor’s Island, leaving an estate valued over $1,120,000 in 2012 US dollars, as well as having a library of books!

Peter Eoff: DAR Patriot Number – A204951

Peter was born in Bridgewater, Somerset County, New Jersey in about 1734. He married Elizabeth, last name unknown, in 1760 in Somerset County, New Jersey. They had nine children. He managed the Inn for a while after his brother, Christian.

 We don’t know why the family left the relative comfort of New Jersey, but by 1780, they were on the frontier in Camden District, South Carolina. When Peter was drafted, his son Isaac served as his substitute. This was a common practice, with more experienced men staying home to work the fields and manage the livestock. Peter did serve in the militia in 1780 under Captain Jones. Peter died on December 5, 1788, in Madison County, Kentucky at the age of 54. Elizabeth lived in the same area until she died in 1805 at the age of 71.

Isaac Eoff gravestone

Isaac Eoff: DAR Patriot Number – A033811

Isaac was born on January 12, 1761 in Somerset County, New Jersey. He first served in the Revolutionary War, when he was sixteen years of age, in the place of his father who was drafted in Chester County, South Carolina. He served for four months at Charleston under Captain John Mills in Sumpter’s regiment. He then enlisted for ten months in a company commanded by Captain Mills who joined Sumpter. He served four months under Alexander Fagin , was in battle when Sumpter was defeated was in the battles of Fish Dam Ford, Blackstock and Eutaw Springs where he was taken prisoner. He served a total of 201 days. In almost all his tours of duty, he served with one of James Knox’ sons or sons-in-law. We’re not sure when or where he met Margaret Knox, but we’re glad they met. They married on March 12, 1783. They went on to have eight children, all born in South Carolina. In 1810, the family moved to Pulaski County, Kentucky. By 1840, they were in Cannon County, Tennessee.

Isaac died on October 2, 1841. His white marble headstone is located in the Civil War Cemetery in Coffee County, Tennessee just off I-24 at Beech Grove exit at Highway 64. Exit off toward Beech Grove, the cemetery is on the left on a small knoll. The Civil War Cemetery is older than the Civil War. The name was changed after the War because of the many Civil War solders buried there, most with no names on their headstones. This is a federal cemetery and well kept, very pretty and peaceful.

After his death, Margaret moved with most of her children to Carroll County, Arkansas, where she died in 1848, far away from Ireland where she was born.

 This family represents one of the few families I’ve seen, who have three generations of patriots in support of the Revolutionary War.

DAR Logo

My DAR application through Isaac Eoff is pending. If my application is approved, if you are a woman in this family line within three generations of me, you can apply to DAR using a short form. Let me know if you have question. amp



  • “A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710″ Published 1985. This set includes two pages of data on the Off family–see p. 713 of Volume II
  • “The Palatine Families of New York” by Henry Z. Jones, Jr.
  • Peter Eoff – provided a substitute, his son, Isaac. Captain Jones, militia; “Roster of South Carolina Patriots in American Revolution,” AA. 2232A L325. SC Arch Acct. Aud #1004, Roll #4842, SR3362V-pension of Isaac Eoff.
  • Isaac Eoff -National Archives file #3362; served in the army from Chester Co SC #326, Book L. “Roster of South Carolina Patriots in American Revolution,” AA. 2232A L325.

Copyright, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.