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Our Knox/Craig ancestors emigrated from Scotland, to Ireland and then to America arriving in Charles Town, S.C. in 1767. South Carolina paid bounty to Scots-Irish willing to settle in the frontier acting  as a buffer between the coastal plantations and the Indians, a perfect role for the Scots-Irish warriors. Edith McIntire Holder, my maternal grandmother, was a descendant of these ancestors.

James Knox Sr. was born on July 26, 1713, in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland. His parents were John Knox and Agnes Johnstone. (Not John Knox, the Reformer, whose two sons did not have descendants.) On December 26, 1719, Lady Elizabeth Craig was born on the other coast of Scotland in Edinburgh. Her parents were John Craig and Elizabeth Moir/More. She was an only child. It is thought her father’s estate reverted to the Crown because he died without a male heir. Even after she married, it has been said, she used the honorific Lady with her married name. This is unusual, but I found one of her great aunt’s who was able to prove her claim to land and a title, because she never gave up her title. Perhaps, Elizabeth hoped the same could happen to her.

The Knox and Craig families had at least one connection over the years, with a Craig mentioned in conjunction with John Knox, the Reformer. Our James Knox and Elizabeth Craig married in Lanarkshire, Scotland. They were of the Covenanters Church, the Reformed Presbyterian Church, and raised their children in strict obedience to God’s laws.

Children born in Scotland:

1740-1830, Mary. Married Pollock/Polk by Reverend William Martin.  Mary Polk remained in Ireland. Some genealogists have said Mary’s children immigrated to the colonies and were the ancestors of President James Polk. I have found no evidence of either, with President Polk’s ancestors already in the colonies by this time.

1742-1839, Janet. Married John (JR) Gaston in fall of 1768 by his father Justice John Gaston.

1744-1818, John. Married Elizabeth Eoff on Feb 12, 1789. The groom was forty-five and Elizabeth was eighteen, the first marriage for both. It was said John didn’t marry until later in life since he was too busy taking care of the farm. He died in 1818 at seventy-four years of age, leaving three minor children.

1749-1781, James. Married Jannet Miller in 1770. James was murdered by Tory neighbors during the Revolutionary War.

1751-1830, William. Married Patience Gill about 1779.  Died Oct 31, 1830 at age 78.

 In 1752, the family traveled by ship from Scotland across the Irish Sea to Belfast, then settled in the  Ballymoney area of North Antrim, Ireland with other Covenanters, where they farmed rented land.

Children born in Ireland:

1753-1843, Samuel. Married Caroline Jones in 1780. They were married by her uncle John Simpson, a Presbyterian minister with Margaret Knox Eoff as a waiter (witness.) Caroline’s mother was a Simpson.

1755-1832, Elizabeth. Married Samuel Morrow in 1776, Chester Co, SC. Final move was to Laurence County Alabama, then onto Fayette Co, Alabama. She died by Sept 3, 1832. Samuel was born in 1743 and died March 8, 1835. He had emigrated from Ireland to the colonies at the age of fourteen.       

1758, April 11-1861, Robert. Married Elizabeth Gill in 1784. In 1817, Robert married (1) Elizabeth Gill, ca 1763-ca 1809. Then he married (2) Mildred (Milly) Bohannon ca 1792-1861. 

1763-1848, Margaret. Married Isaac Eoff on March 12, 1783, in her father’s home in Chester Co, SC. Rev. John Simpson performed the ceremony, with Margaret’s childhood friend, Catherine Jones Knox, now her brother, Samuel’s, wife and six months pregnant with her first child present at the ceremony. Isaac died Sept 26, 1848 in Carroll County, AR. (Now Boone County.) See Eoff, Elliott, and Todd stories for more on this family line.

1760-1850, Joseph. Never married. Was blind.

1765-1842, Nancy Agnes (Ann). Married Jacob Sutton (blacksmith) on Jan 1, 1784. He was born in 1758 and died in 1836. The wedding was most likely performed in the home of her parents with her father Justice James Knox, Sr. officiating.  Final move was to Laurence County Alabama. Named Agnes after paternal grandmother.

1767, Susan was born on board ship to America, where she died and was burned at sea.

 On July 25, 1761, South Carolina passed an act which paid the passage and, upon arrival, provided each head of household over 16 years of age a grant of 100 acres and 50 acres to his wife and each child. In March 1767, the family sailed (on the Earl of Hillsborough, disputed, more likely on the Prince of Wales) from Belfast for Charles Town, South Carolina. As they departed on the ship, Elizabeth was 48 years old and pregnant with her last child, with twelve other children ranging from 2-25 years of age.

On May 28, 1767, South Carolina Warrants and Petitions indicate Knox family received 450 acres in a land grant from the General Assembly of South Carolina in Chester County, S.C.,  100 miles into the Carolina upcountry. A wagon, head of oxen, plough, seeds and provisions were purchased in Charleston from grant monies. The family moved up the Santee/Catawba Rivers and settled on land close to Fishing Creek in Chester County. The family lived out of wagon until cabin was finished. After the cabin was built, they could enjoy a Saturday night bath in front of the fireplace. They attended the Old Richardson Meeting House on Fishing Creek for Sunday services, also called the Catholic Church, comprised of Covenanters, Associates and Presbyterians, on Rocky Creek. By 1772, the Covenanters had their own church, called Reformed Church, with Reverend William Martin as the minister. He was their minister in Ireland and came over from Ireland bringing the rest of the congregation.  Most of the family is mentioned in the Fishing Creek Presbyterian Church visitation list in 1771 – 1774.

Land had to be cleared and planted for fall harvest. The oldest son, John, took the lead in developing the family farm on Rocky Creek.

Shortly after the Knox/Craig family’s arrival in the colonies, tensions between the colonies and England began to develop, but didn’t really affect people on the frontier, who were busy clearing their fields, protecting their families from Indians and raising crops and kids.  

Passage of the Declaration of Independence  on July 4, 1776, did not pass unnoticed on the frontier, but most people carried on with their busy lives. However, ultimately the Revolutionary War affected all their lives. Subscribe to my blog to see other posts as they are posted.  

Source: “James Knox Sr. and Elizabeth Craig Knox and their Descendants,” compiled by Lorene K. Petersen and Jennie Bell Lyle, 1984.

Copyright, 2012 by Andrea Musgrove Perisho.

About Andrea Musgrove Perisho

Genealogy research on my own ancestors is a new focus. Posts will include information about those ancestors including the social and economic issues, along with techniques for research.
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  1. Shelbert Buttrum says:

    Hello, my mother is a direct desendant of James Knox. I have a copy of the James Knox Book. If you need to you can contact me in Arkansas. Yes, my name is in the book.

    • Andrea Musgrove Perisho says:


      Thanks for responding to my blog. Congratulations on having a copy of the James Knox book. I’ve only been able to find the on-line version, despite having the request on my Amazon wish list for several years. Used copies just don’t turn up that often and the book is out of print.

      Early this year, the DAR approved my supplemental request for James Knox as my DAR Revolutionary War patriot, based on his providing supplies to the war effort. Any females in this line can apply through their local DAR chapter; you could also apply to the SAR if you are interested.

      Have any of your family had DNA testing performed? There’s only a slim chance that we would match, but if you have tested contact me at amperisho@gmail.com and we’ll see if we have DNA segments in common.

      Warm regards,


  2. glynda sattarphai says:

    I also have a copy of the book. James Knox was my 6x great grandfather. This book is my pride and joy. I have done family research for years and we have quite a family history!

  3. Gary Morton Taylor says:

    Thank you for your research and publishing it on the web. I am the 4ggs of Jacob Sutton, husband of Nancy Agnes Knox and the 5ggs of James Knox Sr and Lady Elizabeth Craig. It filled in nicely with my accumulation of knowledge of my ancestors. Would you happen to know the date and location of James Knox Sr and Lady Elizabeth Craig marriage?

    • Gary,

      Thanks for your inquiry on my blog and your nice comments.

      I don’t have any documentation for the date and location of the marriage of James Knox and Elizabeth Craig. Others on DAR applications gave the marriage information as 1739 in Scotland, but I’ve not seen any records confirming that date/place.

      Warm regards,


  4. I am also a descendant through Mary Virginia Knox, who married Minor Jackson Deason. Her father is Samuel Knox. He married Marcella Bowman Buxton. His father is James Knox III. I’m looking for a book I read online written by a descendant of Elizabeth Craig. It is in a quaint Scottish dialect & tells Elizabeth’s life story. I have my DNA results, although I don’t suppose it would help to compare,; since the line goes through my maternal grandfather & great grandfather. Mary Virginia Knox is his mother. This Knox line is a double line, wherein a Knox married a Knox.

    • Thanks for contacting me. It’s always great to meet new cousins. If you find the book with Elizabeth’s story in the Scottish dialect, please let us know. That would be a great find. Members of my family share DNA with other descendants of James Knox and Elizabeth Craig. Not all descendants will share autosomal DNA that far back, but some will. I’ll contact you directly for more information.

  5. Shelbert Lewis Buttrum says:

    Yes I have submitted a sample of my DNA to Ancestry. You have my permission to check it.

  6. Naomi Elizabeth Knox says:

    I am a descendent of James Knox III , down to Horce Elijah Houston Knox
    My father is his son Larry Doyle Knox
    .. They are from the Weldon/ Lovelady
    Texas area..

  7. Marian Foster-Alexander) Sharp says:

    I’m a descendant of Mary Ann Knox, daughter of Robert S Knox and Elizabeth Martin. Mary was my great grandmother who married Malcom Foster my great grandfather, record found in Collin County, Texas Apr 5 1866. Mary’s father was m in Greene, IN in 1840, but don’t know if he was born there or possibly Ohio or IL . This family was in Collin Co.,Texas on 1860 Census and Robert registered for Confederate Army 1860 in Dallas, Texas .
    I had DNA done on 23andme and am on gedmatch. My kids are DNA in Myheritage. I enjoyed reading your article!

    • Cynthia Knox Lankford says:

      Robert S Knox and Elizabeth Martin are my descendants thru their son William Alvin Knox. I have no info on Robert S Knox parents etc. Any info would be great. Thanks

  8. Susan Holmes says:

    You and I have a fairly strong DNA match. Would love to find our connection.

  9. Jack & Joyce Wilford says:

    Enjoyed reading about James Knox & Elizabeth Craig. James is my wife’s 5th great grandfather. We also have the Knox book.

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